Hope To The End .......... Chip Index

PASSPORTS, VISAs ; border - control ( immigration)
Categories : US Citizens ( e-passport, WHTI ) , Foreigners ( PASS, VISIT ) , Guest workers, Immigrants,
general information

Another larger image

Statewatch Home Page http://www.statewatch.org/

Concerning US Citizens : e-passports

e-passports, panopticon and Interpol --  by Scarmig
So what they want, right there, is the ability to identify any traveler by any number of means, from any angle, in any country, with as much absolute certainty as can be had; and not a negative identification, as in, “Whoever you are, you’re not Osama.” But positive identification, “You are not Osama. You are Joe Paxer.” Positive identification, worldwide, at any time, by all governments, even ones that won’t claim you.
So Interpol and the UN are in bed together, and ICAO is a branch of the UN responsible for determining passport specifications. A passport that is universally similar can be universally added to a single database, even if that passport contains biometrics, and Interpol has a global network of databases already in operation. Nice convergence, don’t you think?

In fact, so far, everyone I’ve discussed this with seems to love the idea of just scanning their passport and walking onto a plane. The efficiency it provides far, far out weighs any concerns they have over privacy or tracking, even when they are the ones to mention “Big Brother” first. Apparently Big Brother is just fine and the hash result of 2 + 2 is five.

RFID :Vicinity ( UHF ) e- passports ( 30 feet away )

The State Department said, instead of using contact less smart card technology “proximity read” it will use the RFID technology “vicinity read” in cards in these new e-Passports. The objective is to have passport cards of credit card size. Therefore, customs & border security officials can read these cards even when they are 20-30 feet away

Issuing US citizens passports
The U.S. State Department has awarded a contract worth up to $164 million for passport printing services to Stanley Inc., a provider of information technology consulting services. The U.S. government is on pace to issue the new, smart chip-embedded passports nationwide by March 15.[07]
The new e-passports include an electronic chip that contains all the data on the paper version — name, birth date, gender, for example — and can be read by digital scanners at equipped airports. They cost 14 percent more than their predecessors but State said they will speed going through customs and help enhance border security.

e-passports issued by the State Dept.
UHF free read rfid passports
The UHF vicinity technology would allow reader equipment to link to the card from a distance of about
32 feet, in contrast to the HF proximity technology that functions within three feet. Proponents of both the technologies tout their current or future security benefits, while some privacy activists have questioned or denounced the use of RF technology of any kind for secure credentials.
“Using free read RFID technology is a bad idea,” said Randy Vanderhoof, executive director of the Smart Card Alliance. “Unlike electronic passports, which have built-in security features, a free read of a unique reference number at long distances opens possibilities to identify or even track U.S. citizens.” — Government ComputerNews
As part of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, Congress has required that all U.S. citizens traveling by land have passports by January 1, 2009. A regular passport costs $95.

Electronic Passports will not use encryption
New RFID-enabled electronic passports, which contain microchips which have identifying information encoded in them, will not use encryption for sensitive information such as name, birth date, and photo. State Department officials say that adding encryption to the e-passports would delay processing at customs stations and would slow adoption of the new passports by other nations.

Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative WHTI, e-Passport

The WHTI program aims to improve security at the nation's land borders, where U.S. citizens currently can re-enter the country with a driver's license.

PASS to have UHF ( 32 ft. range ) also NEXUS, FAST and SENTRI

e-passports with antennae ( rfid )
First, e-government applications can provide easier access to government services online, reduce the number of forms through use of a smart card, and make official transactions (paying fees, obtaining permits) easier. But non-government applications, such as transit cards and ATM cash withdrawals, will promote the daily usage of such cards. In order to leverage investment in these projects, multi-application programs require a platform that is flexible and offers post-issuance capabilities.
EMV global financial transactions EuroPay, MasterCard, Visa
Added features, such as dynamic on-card risk management, smart card management, and multiple applications, are all being considered as opportunities to leverage the new infrastructure.
EMV provides to the end user an easy and trusted way of making financial transactions

American passports to be chipped
Information not encrypted
New U.S. passports will soon be read remotely at borders around the world, thanks to embedded chips that will broadcast on command an individual's name, address and digital photo to a computerized reader.
The chip then channels that radio energy and echoes back with an answer.
.....the 64 Kb chip will say the passport holder's name, address, date and place of birth, and send along a
digital photograph.

If 180 countries have access to the technology for reading this thing, whether or not it is encrypted, from a security standpoint, that is a very leaky system," Tien said. "Strictly from a technology standpoint, any reader system, even with security, that was so widely deployed and accessible to so many people worldwide will be subject to some very interesting compromises."

e-passports make their debut
State Department officials plan to issue millions of the thicker, redesigned blue “e-passports” nationwide by year’s end. They say these will speed security checks and thwart forgers who could use fake documents to hurt the United States.
Privacy advocates questioned the necessity, warning that personal data could be skimmed

As long as it’s not in my skin,” he said of his chip, “which is probably what’s coming next.”

[ Ed ; subdermal chips may be physically-repulsive; yet it is mentally- repulsive also to be subject to profiling and over-control ;
when OTHER microprocessor ID cards can also do 666 financing , then they become spiritually-repulsive too.
We can not afford to let our guard down just because the chip is in a card, and not under our skin ]


In a Word -- Freedom ..... by
Gerald Eisman
I can picture it now. Police can patrol the streets and workplaces in every possible location in the United States and, by using a reading device, tell if a person is a legal entrant into the United States or an illegal. If we were to allow immigrants to be tagged in such a manner, how long would it be before the suggestion would be made that Jews once again be forced to endure the new technological tattoo? Or the Christians, or African Americans, or everybody?

Along the same line of thinking, The taking of freedom from residents of the United States, both alien and citizen, isn't restricted to the suggestion of implanting of chips in their bodies. The Supreme Court, now slanted toward the conservative side, has legally removed another freedom from us. It is now illegal to "blow the whistle" on unscrupulous members of the workplace if you work in the same company and the comments are made about conditions in that company

Electronic passports
The US passport is about to go electronic, with a tiny microchip embedded in its cover. Along with digitized pictures, holograms, security ink, and "ghost" photos - all security features added since 2002 - the chip is the latest outpost in the battle to outwit tamperers. But it's also one that worries privacy advocates.
The RFID (radio frequency identification) chip in each passport will contain the same personal data as now appear on the inside pages - name, date of birth, place of birth, issuing office - and a digitized version of the photo. But the 64K chip will be read remotely. And there's the rub.
The passport, issued to officials and diplomats in early 2005 and to the public by the end of the year, is accessed using a reader that "pings" the microchip in order to release the data, much like proximity cards used for workplace ID badges. What prevents surveillance is that "the passport can only be read at a distance of 10 centimeters or less," explains Randy Vanderhoof, executive director of the Smart Card Alliance, an industry association that represents the four companies that produced prototype chips for the State Department

"I just worry that they are building a technology that the bad guys can surreptitiously access."
The idea that the chips cannot be read beyond 10 centimeters (four inches) doesn't fly with him. "There is no impossible," Mr. Schneier says

In fact, data skimming is already common in other arenas, says Richard Doherty, research director for the Envisioneering Group, a technology-assessment company out of Seaford, N.Y. "Bluejacking," where someone with the right equipment can hijack your phone, grab your directory, history of calls, and electronic serial number just by walking past you while you're on the phone, and "war-driving," where an individual drives down the street with a computer that maps all the networks that are free along with their IDs - these are already significant security issues, he says.

This whole world of wireless is one that, yes, it has tremendous convenience, but it's increasingly threatened by a cloud of easy-to-exploit criminal means," Mr. Doherty says.
But why not choose a contact chip, where there would be no possibility of skimming, asks Barry Steinhardt, director of the ACLU's Technology and Liberty Project.

the data on the chip will not be encrypted, for the sake of easing "interoperability" across international borders,

All U.S. passports to have smart chips

This is like putting an invisible bull's-eye on Americans that can be seen only by the terrorists," said Barry Steinhardt, the director of the ACLU Technology and Liberty Program. "If there's any nation in the world at the moment that could do without such a device, it is the United States."

Electronic passports begin

Like Dogs
Putting a chip in these people is like treating them like dogs," said one critic. 
"We're not animals, we're human beings. This idea, just the idea is
completely un-American."

Now your passport must be opened, must be presented to a reader, which calculates a key, which unlocks the data on the chip. Each time the chip is queried, it actually reports back with a different number so the ability to track someone from location to location around the world becomes impossible. Every session that the chip has, has a new identification number

e-Passport Option --Oce ID Star
Regardless where the RFID chip is mounted in the passport, all necessary information can be read in one motion in one pass optically as well as electronically. This solution also allows the Oce ID-Star to read a shielded ePassport.
The high speed RFID-reading module is completely integrated with the Oce ID Star 4054 ePR and will be sold as an optional upgrade for the standard reader. It is designed to capture all biometrical information stored on a chip in the upcoming new generation of ePassports and other travel documents.

Biometric ID
Now in its early stages, the program, known as US-VISIT, calls for visitors to go through biometric scans to ensure that they are who their visa or passport says they are. Passports issued by the United States and other countries are getting new chips that will have facial-recognition data, and other biometrics might be added.
Separately, iris-scanning systems have cropped up in European airports as a way to speed immigration controls.
But you won't have to be a jet-setter to encounter biometrics more and more. For one, it's increasingly being used to control access to computers.

Registered Traveler Launches Program at Boston Logan
TSA Transportation Security Agency and American Airlines
With the successful launch of the pilot [program] in Minneapolis, Los Angeles and Houston, TSA has demonstrated that we can provide a Registered Traveler pilot program that maintains the highest level of security while improving customer service," said Carol DiBattiste, TSA deputy administrator. "The cutting-edge biometrics used in this test will provide useful data on how this technology could further enhance security." TSA is expected to launch a pilot program at Reagan Washington National Airport by the end of this month.

Concerning Foreigners:

UK : Biometric Passports can be cloned

U.S. demands all European visas be biometric
These measures partly stem due to a US law enacted in 2002, which will start demanding visas from EU citizens from 26 October 2004 if they do not have biometric information (fingerprints, iris scans or DNA) on their passports.

The US will be using this biometric information in addition to existing screening processes that identify potential terrorists or criminals.
Since March 2003, US authorities have had access to most European airline passenger databases, where EU passengers are screened before they land on US soil.

The EU is also planning to introduce biometric data on visas and residence permits of third country nationals residing in the EU from next year, as a means to counter illegal immigration.

Ed. note: Why the Belgium government institutes are useless ( Commission, Council, Parliament ) :
The adoption of this decision for the wholesale surveillance of peoples' movements by the EU Council has been taken without any public consultation or debate in parliaments. The EU Council cannot legislate but its decisions are routinely translated into EU law - it is a totally undemocratic procedure," Tony Bunyan, editor of Statewatch, a civil liberties organisation said.

US - VISIT program
US-VISIT is part of a continuum of security measures that begins overseas and continues through a visitor’s arrival in and departure from the United States.
 It incorporates eligibility determinations made by both the Departments of Homeland Security and State

PASS .. read from 30 feet away -- " vicinity read" ( UHF radio frequency )
If you haven't been to some of our busiest land crossings, I always refer to them as economic choke points...We ought to use technology to improve that," said [ Jim ] Williams, whose office operates the biometric program used to verify that the fingerprint of a person using a U.S. visa to cross a U.S. border matches that of the person who was issued the visa

But at ranges of 30 feet, the tags could theoretically be read by hidden sensors alongside the road, in the mall or in the hands of criminals hoping to identify someone on the street by his or her ID number.
Williams defended a remotely readable RFID'ed identity card to audience members who suggested selecting one that could be scanned from only a few inches away.

25 ft. minimum read range

PASS -- People Access Security Service

PASS ( Mexico, Canada, Bahamas ) can be read 20 ft. away

Digital Passports
European Union governments may soon issue passports containing computer chips embedded with digital fingerprints or eye scans, according to a plan approved by European leaders Friday.
The "biometric" data would allow police officers to verify the authenticity of European passports, which have been counterfeited in significant numbers in recent years, officials said at their summit meeting here.
The chips would also be implanted in visas given to non-EU citizens, making it easier for governments to keep track of foreigners as they travel through borderless Europe

U.S. : Irish passports MUST have biometric-chip
Irish citizens will lose the right to enter the US without obtaining a visa from October 2004 unless a microchip storing biometric data such as fingerprints or iris scans is embedded in new passports.
Legislation signed into law by President Bush in May, will require all 28 states in the US government's visa-waiver programme to provide biometric data on all newly issued travel documents.

Next: National ID cards for European countries

The European Commission's mandate for e-passports went into effect on Aug. 26, just prior to an Oct.26 deadline for the US-Visit program, requiring 27 countries to issue electronic visas. As a result, the e-passport market is becoming very large, very quickly. Houdeau projected that over the next two years, "90 million to 100 million e-passports" will be issued per year among the 108 countries that have already introduced machine-readable passports.

The ID market's growth will not stop at electronic passports. "The second wave is coming with the introduction of national ID cards," said Houdeau. Between 2008 and 2009, France, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Estonia will issue national ID cards designed to leverage the same infrastructure—including the interfaces, data structures and security mechanisms—already installed for e-passports

Passport covers could trigger a bomb

Mexicans and Canadians now need a passport for entry into the US

Deadline for foreign VISAs
Currently, nations that want their citizens to continue to be able to visit the United States without a visa have until Oct. 26 to introduce passports that have tamper-resistant biometric data, like the radio chip. There are 27 of these so-called visa-waiver nations, mostly from Europe.  Barry Steinhardt, director of the technology and liberty program at the American Civil Liberties Union, and Bill Scannell, a publicist from Washington who organized a campaign to block the introduction of the radio-chip-based passport, said Tuesday that they were pleased that the State Department was taking steps to address the security flaws identified in the original design.  But along with other privacy and computer security experts, they said they remained concerned that the new passports might still be vulnerable to some kind of prying.  "No matter how much stuff you layer on the technology, it is still inappropriate," said Scannell.    

Foreigners to have mandated chips on vehicles at borders
TORONTO - A U.S. security official said Wednesday it will use wireless technology at five border posts with Canada and Mexico to track foreigners driving in and out of the United States
Bob Mocny of the Department of Homeland Security said wireless chips for vehicles would become mandatory at designated border crossings in Canada and Mexico as of Aug. 4.
Border authorities will provide a chip that drivers will put on the dashboard of vehicles
Antennas have been installed at the border crossings at Thousand Islands Bridge in Alexandria Bay, N.Y., and Blaine, Wash. crossings for the Pacific Highway and Peace Arch, Mocny said. The technology also will be launched next week at two crossings between Mexico and Nogales, Ariz.

Scanning at borders ( good photo )
The US-Visit program, run by the Department of Homeland Security, aims to track foreigners visiting the United States. Kiosks that scan passports and fingerprints, and issue printed receipts, are now being tested.

Travel-documents to have rfid chip embedded
Nogales ports of entry will take part in a Department of Homeland Security test program beginning this summer.
In a press conference Tuesday at the Dennis Di Concini Port of Entry in Nogales, DHS Under Secretary Asa Hutchinson announced the testing of radio frequency identification technology (RFID) on visas. The technology is similar to the tags used in toll lanes and some gas stations to wirelessly transmit payment data.

US-VISIT : border control

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans to begin issuing special identification devices to foreign visitors arriving by foot and by car by July 31, according to a Tuesday announcement from the agency.
The devices will contain microchips storing a unique identification code that's linked via government computers to document holders' names, countries of origin, dates of entry and exit, and biometric data. http://news.zdnet.com/2100-1035_22-5552120.html

Guest Workers , Immigrants , Migrant workers

Verichip on Fox cable Tues. : subdermal ID chip for immigrants
"However, it now seems that Mr. Silverman wants to expand his business by microchipping immigrants who cross our borders.... Applied Digital's implants contain an ID number.
SILVERMAN: "The chip itself has a unique, 16-digit identification number and through a serial port on the bottom of the scanner - through a serial port it attaches to a computer where a database would pull up, in the medical application, your medical records, but in the immigration application, the registration of a guest worker legitimately here in the United States that could be used at the border but could also be used for an enforcement purposes at the employer level."
Brian Kilmeade summed it up this way: "It's like permanently putting a string on your finger."
"Yeah, right, Brian! A government-owned and operated string!"

Speaking on the Book of Revelation
Schmid was referring to small computer chips that have been proposed as a way of verifying personal information. Just this week, the chairman of VeriChip Corporation in Delray Beach, Fla., which makes rice-size radio frequency identification tags, proposed using the devices to confirm whether migrant workers are in the country legally. Schmid said he also can see such chips used to combat identity theft, and he speculated that they might one day be required for all financial transactions, just as predicted in Revelation
http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2006/06/02/faith/19_22_116_1_06.txt  (emphasis this editor )

Will all job applicants have to be chipped ?
Ed: With eyes wide open and mouths shut the unwilling will become enslaved
"A verification system will be essential to the success of any new immigration law, experts say, because nothing else will ensure that illegal immigrants are unemployable. Without it, they say, no amnesty program or border fence will prevent the formation of a new shadow job market that would draw millions of new undocumented workers.

Civil liberties advocates
[ Ed: make that ' most freedom-loving people in America' ] worry that an extensive database linking Social Security data with immigration information would invade Americans' privacy and could lead to warrantless government data mining, be a ripe target for identity thieves and foster a "no work" list akin to the federal government's "no fly" list
Other experts fear that a multibillion-dollar,
mandatory system -- which would be almost 1,500 times the size of a pilot program that already has encountered logistical problems -- would be rife with errors and delays.
But friends and foes of immigration alike say there's no better solution

Everybody who wants there to be meaningful (immigration) enforcement recognizes that the centerpiece has got to be workplace enforcement, and employment verification is a central component of that," said Steve Camarota, research director at the Center for Immigration Studies in Washington, D.C., a think tank that favors reducing both legal and illegal immigration"
These databases will inevitably be used by the government for purposes other than employment verification. The government has an insatiable appetite, post 9/11, for information. And it will take and aggregate and sift and data mine any source of information about the populace that it can get its hands on."

Scott Silverman, CEO of a company that develops radio-frequency identification systems, wants the government to take electronic IDs a step further. Applied Digital, Silverman's company, has been lobbying Congress to back the use of a microchip it devised called VeriChip, which could be planted under the skin of foreign guest workers and scanned to check their identity and work eligibility.
The current Senate immigration bill calls for tamperproof identification that includes biometric indicators to authenticate guest workers, Silverman said.
"When you look at VeriChip and the potential use for immigration applications, it meets all those things. This is tamperproof, it's secure and
it's with you all the time," he said.
Clearly, it could expand beyond the guest worker program, but the most relevant use for our technology right now is the guest worker program."

Verichip for Immigration, Guest Workers

VeriChip and Smart Card
emphasis this editor
" Using VeriChip's secure implantable RFID technology, the Department of Homeland Security can ensure that a secure, tamper- proof system is in place to identify, register and confirm guest worker credentials at the border or at an employer's premises. VeriChip already employs the same technology to provide secure access to medical records"
Ed: It is ONLY approved by the FDA for VeriMed ( e-records) since it is implanted in the forearm-muscle, or triceps. When eventually it becomes implanted in the right hand or forehead, it will not be in a muscle, but within the layers of the skin ... too vulnerable. Rev. 16:2 ]
"and to secure areas of buildings such as hospitals or office buildings. Medical records access may prove relevant in immigration applications as well.
[ Ed: Does this chip justify labeling people ? ]
In addition to border security, this device can provide medical records of guest workers that may be unable to communicate (currently a strain on our medical system). "

"In addition, the VeriChip can also:
1." be bonded into a piece of paper,
Ed: no substantiation or documentation ; a totally different rfid chip; not the implantable verichip ]

2. "implanted into an ID card
[ Ed:
the e-ID multipurpose smartcard. Please see https://hopetotheend.com/id.html ]
This is not the implantable verichip, but a microprocessor chip which is far more capable than the implanted chip, and can transact 666 finances when programmed; the 666 transacting is strictly forbidden ]

3. "or into a
wearable wrist bracelet." [ Ed: This is a different chip; an active rfid that is GPS enabled ]

" Use of this RFID chip in tandem with, or in lieu of the immigration "blue card", provides an additional layer of security to confirm the identity of a guest worker." [
Ed: an e-ID multipurpose smartcard ]

"It's really no different than a tamperproof passport you can carry all the time," says Silverman. " ( Ed: e-ID cards are multipurpose, multifunctional. Please see AX )
"As concerns mount about falsified documents, VeriChip technology ensures security and privacy for the individual as well as increased security at our borders."
Ed: The above article states that the passive Verichip is not a location device by GPS. That is true.
However, it
IS a co-location device by LEO ( low earth orbiting satellites) that communicate with ubiquitously placed transponders. For more info on this please see: https://hopetotheend.com/orb.html

Ed: The above article is filled with misleading statements and false impressions. The VeriChip people want to make you think that they are everywhere. They are not. The main forbidden
666 verichip is still the passive implantable chip which they want to embed into the right hand or forehead.
It is not the same rfid chip found in paper; nor is it a microprocessor.

The implantable 666 financing chip ( verichip in right hand or forehead ) is strictly forbidden.

Chipping People .. highly offensive
But privacy advocates compared the chips to "electronic branding."
"It's a terrible idea," said Marc Rotenberg, director of Electronic Privacy Information Center, a Washington-based nonprofit that promotes privacy protection.
And while Rotenberg acknowledged the complexity of the immigration debate, "placing microchip under anybody's skin is a human rights violation — it's like electronic branding. We do this with pets and cows, I don't think we should be doing it with people."

advocates say the proposal to implant microchips would further dehumanize migrants.
"There's this growing trend of using high technology and surveillance, using biometrics as a way of tracking people," said Jennifer Allen, director of the Arizona-based Border Action Network.
these powerful tools that have the ability to erode people civil liberties and basic rights to privacy."
Nathan Selzer, a Harlingen activist who heads the Valley Movement for Human Rights, said the proposal
"is an affront to a person's dignity."
"As long as it's OK to treat people as less than human, we'll continue to have abuse and exploitation, whether they have chips in their arms or not."

President Bush
on Immigration Reform
"One thing we've done is we've launched what's called Basic Pilot. Basic Pilot is a voluntary, online verification system that allows employers to confirm the eligibility of new hires by checking the information they provide against federal databases. If there's a mismatch, the applicant then has eight working days to contest the finding.

BUSH: By giving employers a quick and practical way to verify Social Security numbers, Basic Pilot gives employers confidence that their workers are legal, improves the accuracy of wage and tax reporting, and helps ensure that those who obey our laws are not undercut by illegal workers.
Basic Pilot, just a while ago, was only available in six states. Now it's nationwide.
As I told you, the program is optional. And the truth of the matter is most employers do not participate.
Now, the House and the Senate immigration bills would require employers to use Basic Pilot. I think this is sensible. I think if we want to enforce our laws, people ought to be required to check to see whether or not names and numbers match.
Homeland Security, by the way, in order for it to work, needs more money to make sure that the program is up and running.

Now, the other thing we need do besides good verification procedures is to develop
* a new identification card* for every legal foreign worker. The card should be tamper-proof. It ought to use biometric technology such as digital fingerprints. We've got the technology to do this.

It makes sense to have somebody who's going to be here legally working on a temporary basis to have a card that will allow American employers to know that the foreign job applicant is who he or she says she is or he is.
A tamper-proof card is going to be a vital tool to enforce the law. It has got to be part of a comprehensive immigration reform package.


Bush calls for Biometric ID
The new proposals would also provide up to 325,000 temporary visas a year for future workers, with additional visas possible based on labor market demands. New ID cards for legal foreign workers, to include biometric technology, would allow employers to verify they were hiring legal workers
the plan to issue national identification cards for every legal foreign worker.
http://www.bestsyndication.com/Articles/2006/m/madison_tom/05/051606_presidents_speech_illegal_immigration.htm ( entire speech )
the issuance of new national ID cards and the setting up of massive detention camps
Ed: we do not agree with all of the above essay, and it has no authorship --which is cowardly-- but we do see this one main fact :
"Then there is the Bush’s proposal for a “new identification card for every legal foreign worker” utilizing “biometric technology, such as digital fingerprints, to make it tamper-proof.”
It is not hard to see that such a proposal carries with it the inevitable demand for the introduction of national identification cards for citizens as well, submitting the entire population to ever greater surveillance and control."

Green Card Lottery goes Online
Some already in the United States fear that leaving a computer trail could make them targets for deportation.
The worker fears that if he enters identifying information online he could be giving himself up for deportation to the successors of the Immigration and Naturalization Service in the Department of Homeland Security.

"The information is not being collected to look for people to deport," [Stuart ] Patt said. "It's not being done as a tool for enforcement; it's being done for administrative improvement." When pressed, he added: "Would we make that information available if Homeland Security would make the request? I'm not saying we would deny it."

The Bangladeshi student, Hoq, was not reassured. "That's my fear," he said, "they don't rule it out

S.Silverman: " "We have talked to many people in Washington about using it...." [ the Verichip]
http://www.livescience.com/scienceoffiction/060531_rfid_chips.html ( many interesting links included )
and more links

Real I.D. Drivers license to legal residents
The bill would set national standards to encourage states to issue driver's licenses only to those lawfully in the country, would allow judges more discretion in denying asylum claims and would waive laws that are preventing completion of a section of border fence near San Diego.
Real I.D. is opposed by a coalition of hundreds of groups, including privacy rights and immigrant rights advocates.
    "These won't impact immigrants' behavior, except to have them drive without insurance or licenses, to cross the border in more dangerous places, or to live underground after fleeing from their oppressors," said Angela Kelley, deputy director of the National Immigration Forum

e-Passports in general

International e-passports
Not to be confused with RFID, secure personal identification devices using contactless smart card technology have built-in and active security and encryption capabilities to protect information access and communications. More than 30 nations worldwide have already pledged to adopt passport technology that conforms to an international standard for electronic identification data.

Global Identification Card
"[Travelers] will be surprised at how easily they can become the subject of a criminal investigation, just because they have left their fingerprints inside a bank that was robbed two hours later," Thilo Weichert of the German Data Protection Association told CNN.
"They would then have to prove their innocence, and the whole principle that the burden of proof lies with the prosecution could be turned upside down."

The Greek Communist Party believes new security measures will allow Europol -- the body that coordinates cross-border criminal investigations -- to accuse people of being suspicious of committing a crime in the future.
Also Europol staff will not be obliged to give evidence in a law court, citing safety concerns.
"These proposals are yet another result of the war on terrorism ... which have much more to do with
political and social control than fighting terrorism," says Tony Bunyan, editor at the
Statewatch Observatory on Surveillance in Europe.

Passports: no privacy
the proposed new electronic passports, which would broadcast personal information to speed processing of travelers, would have served as a virtual bull's-eye for terrorists or others who wanted to harm Americans
vulnerable to so-called skimming from a greater distance than officials had previously said, meaning a matter of
three or so feet instead of inches, or about one meter [ a yard or more ] instead of eight centimeters

would use data printed on the new passport to effectively unlock the radio chip before it would transmit the personal electronic information it holds, Moss said.  The personal data flowing to the passport reader would also be encrypted, so that someone trying to use an unauthorized electronic reader in the area could not intercept and decipher the identity of the passport holder, he said
But along with other privacy and computer security experts, they said they remained concerned that the new passports might still be vulnerable to some kind of prying.  "No matter how much stuff you layer on the technology, it is still inappropriate," said [ William "Bill" Scannell ] .

Currently, nations that want their citizens to continue to be able to visit the United States without a visa have until Oct. 26 to introduce passports that have tamper-resistant biometric data, like the radio chip. There are 27 of these so-called visa-waiver nations, mostly from Europe.  Barry Steinhardt, director of the technology and liberty program at the American Civil Liberties Union, and Bill Scannell, a publicist from Washington who organized a campaign to block the introduction of the radio-chip-based passport, said Tuesday that they were pleased that the State Department was taking steps to address the security flaws identified in the original design.  But along with other privacy and computer security experts, they said they remained concerned that the new passports might still be vulnerable to some kind of prying.  "No matter how much stuff you layer on the technology, it is still inappropriate," said Scannell.    

National ID / multifunction smart cards ( e-ID )
more info at : https://hopetotheend.com/no.html

Columbia's Uribe wants "seasonal workers" chipped

COLOMBIAN President Alvaro Uribe may have been thinking aloud to a pair of US senators who say he proposed implanting microchips in seasonal workers to help the US control illegal immigration
"President Uribe said he would consider having Colombian workers have microchips implanted in their bodies before they are permitted to enter the US for seasonal work,"[Arlan] Specter told Congress

Using microchips the size of a grain of rice to track the movement of cattle is nothing new.
Never before has anyone proposed using body chips for immigrants.
The idea, bound to get under the skin of privacy advocates, is dismissed even by supporters of stricter immigration control

"proximity chips "
encrypted ; and with shorter read-range than rfid tags
.... "spy chips" in ID cards "carry radio transmitters" and will mean "law abiding citizens" will be tagged like criminals on parole." ..... radio is somehow involved: "a travel document such as an identity will need to incorporate a 'contactless' or 'proximity' chip. This will require the card to use radio frequencies to allow the card to be read at a very short distance."
The people-tracking aspect was picked up by the Sunday Telegraph with some help from No2ID,

No encryption on e-passports
open to "skimming"
But the rules, which are open for comment until April 4-05, rule out encrypting the bearer's name, birth date and digital photo, saying such a move would impede worldwide adoption of e-passports and that encrypted data would slow down entry and exit at customs.
The lack of encryption baffles privacy advocates and security researchers, who say the new passports are vulnerable to "skimming," an attack that uses an unauthorized reader to gather information from the RFID chip without the passport owner's knowledge.

It is my understanding it's possible to read this information from 10 to 30 feet away with the right equipment," Tien said. "When you think about the issues Americans have, especially when they travel abroad -- do you really want your passport to be broadcasting your name and nationality? This isn't good for privacy or the physical security of Americans abroad."

Schneier, who just renewed his passport to make sure he will not have an unencrypted passport for another 10 years, says he has yet to hear a good argument as to why the government is requiring remotely readable chips instead of a contact chip -- which could hold the same information but would not be skimmable.
"A contact chip would be so much safer," Schneier said.
"The only reason I can think of is the government wants surreptitious access. I'm running out of other explanations.
I'd love to hear one."

Computer chip embedded in Polycarbonate
Denmark’s ePassport uses a polycarbonate data page, which is supplied by smart card manufacturer Gemalto. This data page securely embeds a contactless microprocessor chip running the Gemalto’s operating system

Visa delays cost time and money for businesses ( and missionaries )
Andrew Grant, director of human resources at the New York branch of Commerzbank, in World Financial Center 2, just across West Street from where the twin towers of the World Trade Center once stood, said that paying the $1,000-per-head fee had become standard procedure there.

The State Department, which handles visa processing according to policy set by Homeland Security, maintains that it has gone to great lengths to streamline the visa clearance process. Staffing has been beefed up to deal with the backlog of applications, and $1 million was invested this summer in an electronic-background check system linking U.S. consulates abroad with the databases of various intelligence and law enforcement agencies.

Prepare to be Scanned
As a result, biometrics are suddenly about to become far more widespread. America will begin using biometrics at its airports and seaports on January 5th [ 2004 ] . Under the new US-VISIT programme, all foreigners entering on visas will have their hands and faces digitally scanned. This will create what Tom Ridge, America's homeland-security supremo, calls “an electronic check-in and check-out system for foreign nationals”. American citizens will also be affected, as new passports with a chip that contains biometric data are issued from next year. And the new rules specify that by October 26th 2004, all countries whose nationals can enter America without a visa—including western European countries, Japan and Australia—must begin issuing passports that contain biometric data too.
The test, called the Face Recognition Vendor Test, used systems from ten leading firms and a database of 121,589 images of 37,437 people. None of the systems worked well in a formal identification mode when shown a face and asked to identify the subject; nor did they work well when trying to recognise a face surreptitiously.
Other biometrics include voice recognition, which is cheap, but not terribly reliable; gait recognition, which attempts to recognise people from the way they walk; dynamic signature-recognition, based on analysis of the shape of a signature and the way the pen moves while it is being written; and thermal imaging, which seeks to identify people by the pattern of heat which their bodies emit. But none of these technologies is taken seriously enough for use in a passport.
However, in the long term, biometrics, by their very nature, will compromise privacy in a deep and thorough fashion. If and when face-recognition technology improves to the point where surreptitious cameras can routinely recognise individuals, privacy, as it has existed in the public sphere, will in effect be wiped out.

what will eventually have the potential to become a powerful mechanism for social control.

Salvation https://hopetotheend.com/sal.html