Hope To The End......... All Chip articles

includes : Wi - Fi mapping

LEO satellite system for hand-helds
, PDAs, laptops etc. plus eXI wireless communication


Ed: GPS works with ACTIVE battery-operated chips;
Now, however, the System has a way of tracking you with your PASSIVE chip.
Verichip is a Passive chip. You CAN be tracked, as well as Identified.
Remember: Database networking is ALL-ABOUT-YOU

If you pass by a bluetooth device ( phone etc. ) , it locates your passive chip
Tracking your placement in mass evacuations ; and also for rendition flights across the ocean etc.
Scanning range of approximately 40 feet ( 30 meters )

AutoSearch RFID ...people tracking in transit - ; combining GPS with RFID externally
" EarthSearch Communications International Inc., a specialist in GPS-based solutions, has introduced an asset tracking system,
AutoSearch RFID, which combines GPS and RFID technology to enable the detailed tracking of human and property assets in transit.
Ed: People wearing clothes, shoes with rfid tags can be tracked by scanners ( readers) placed everywhere, including wilderness areas . Tracking data then is sent to a database.

Killer Chip
( GPS ) to track and poison the politically incorrect--Ed: This article sounds far-fetched; but we DO have killer-drones 
" You can run, but you cannot hide ... and if you try, one push of a button will cause a lethal poison to immediately begin flowing through your body. That's the Orwellian [ Ed: demonic ] future a Saudi inventor [ Ed: that "peaceful" religion] was seeking to bring to Germany until that nation's patent office announced last week it was rejecting his request to patent what has been dubbed the "Killer Chip."
The application included a request to patent a model B of the device that could release poison to "eliminate" the individual if he or she became a security risk." [ Ed: you know, those Bible-believing "right wing extremists " ]
Comment by HOPE TO THE END : This sounds like a hoax article because it is physically impossible to implant active GPS chips into people because the human body rejects a battery operated device. But the motive is very real and the intent always there.

RFID TRACKING CAPABILITIES -- CVIS Cooperative Vehicle-Infrastructure System
pulsating scanners in cars with singular frequency seeking an rfid response
; signal is networked to databanks
The European commission has asked governments to reserve radio frequency on the 5.9 Gigahertz band, essentially setting aside a universal frequency on which CVIS technology will work.
" The system allows cars to "talk" to one another and the road. A "communication box" behind the dashboard ensures that cars send out "heartbeat" messages every 500 milliseconds through mobile cellular (towers)and wireless local area networks (wi-fi ) , short-range microwave or infrared.
The data is also picked up by detectors at the roadside and mobile phone towers
Data will also be sent to "control centres" that manage traffic, enabling a vastly improved system to monitor and even direct vehicles.
He envisages governments making the technology mandatory for safety reasons

RFID Local-area location
VeriChip's goal is to become the leading provider of RFID systems for people in the healthcare industry. VeriChip sells passive RFID systems for identification purposes and active RFID systems for local-area location and identification purposes. VeriChip recently began to market its VeriMed(TM) Patient Identification System for rapidly and accurately identifying people who arrive in an emergency room and are unable to communicate
Ed: All plastic cards ( etc. ) embedded with active Rfid -- such as ID cards-- will signal your location. .... not by GPS ... but through sensors placed anywhere in the environment.

Verichip - Location ( diagram included )
The VeriMed chips are comprised of implantable locating and identification devices, which can be used to determine the whereabouts of a patient if they should go missing from the facility

Japan and Germany : DETECTION SENSORS , 900 MHz
ZigBee is a short-distance wireless communication standard based on IEEE 802.15.4. It was developed for control systems for automating homes and offices, communication applications for healthcare equipment or automated inspection systems, and data transfer between sensors such as detectors of various types. It is anticipated that IEEE 802.15.4-based solutions, including ZigBee, will become the dominant short-distance communication standard in the future. Of the various communication bands supported by ZigBee, the 900 MHz band is now being introduced primarily in Europe and North America. Its advantages include a wide coverage range, optimized battery life, and minimal signal interference.
In the future the two companies plan to further strengthen their collaborative efforts and are considering the development of a single-chip solution, which combines an MCU [ microController ] with embedded RF [ radio frequency] functionality.

Transponder system
The FDA classified the device as an "implantable radio frequency transponder system" for patient identification to further effectively gain access to a person's medical information.

-- 30
Low- Earth- Orbit ( LEO ) satellites: TELECOMMUNICATION DATA system

See GRAPHIC on ground-based tracking with sensors

Law, Gov. officials equipped with wireless rfid badges
The SmartShield system validates badges and verifies the wearer. The package comprises Blackinton metal badges equipped with RFID chips, and Enforcement Identification (Eid) software that tracks information on each badge in a department’s inventory
The DSVII-SC reader can communicate over wireless LAN or cellular networks, has biometric capabilities, and reads PDF bar codes, magnetic strips and RFID chips. It also can retrieve data from on-board memory or an external database via wireless 802.11 or Bluetooth technology, said Stuart Tucker, customer and sales support manager at Datastrip.

SPY ROCK in the wilderness
"Russian state TV had shown footage of a fake "rock" left in a Moscow street and allegedly used by British agents to plant a transmitter. Data from the rock was then supposedly downloaded on to a palm-top computer. The method is similar to one used in a David Attenborough wildlife programme to hide a tiny camera inside artificial elephant dung.
Devices like the "rock" have been used in intelligence gathering to send encrypted messages for several years, although it remains unclear why agents should have chosen a Moscow street for their alleged spying operation"
http://www.5o.org/article92.html ( cached)

Spy chips from 25 feet away

Homeland Security and rfid

A small airplane [ Ed : a drone ? ] carries a laser that emits thousands of pulses of light each second toward the ground. The pulses hit and scatter back to a sensor, allowing software to gauge the distance between the plane and the terrain, pinpointing the altitude of each target point.
When combined with GPS coordinates gathered in part by ground crews, the system also allows the software to determine the latitude and longitude of each identified point.
The result: a highly accurate three-dimensional map that looks something like a photograph, although trees and other features of the terrain can be stripped off to reveal only the bare essentials on the topography
Optech, a Canadian company. Used for the first time on the San Andreas Fault project, the laser can fire up to 167,000 pulses per second

Low power motion sensor
Xie believes these sorts of applications are only the beginning. Cheap, tiny, [ed: sensors] easily made and
paired with wireless technology, motion sensors
could be easily worn or even sewn into clothes, he said
In a three-year-old project originally funded with a $170,000 grant from NASA, they developed a single-chip sensor that can be manufactured using Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor technology, the industry standard for silicon chip manufacturing.
The chip uses about one-thousandth of a watt of power, meaning it has the potential to operate for as long as a year on a standard watch battery. It is also extremely sensitive, so much so that it can register sound as well as motion.

See also hopetotheend.com/info.html for more info on wireless tracking

Wireless Sensor Network

Sensor Network

Mesh networking

Mobile ad-hoc network ( MANET )

A node consists of a small box containing a hard drive, software written by the researchers, and the same kind of radio card used in laptops, operating on the Wi-Fi standard. There's an Ethernet port, into which a user can plug his or her laptop, and a connection to an antenna

Sensors Can be configured to READ numbers
Graafstra has engineered the chips in his hands to serve the same purpose as the code that opens his apartment door or the key fob that unlocks his silver 2004 Volkswagen Golf. He keeps no data on the chips, just a 10-character code.
He waves his hand within a few inches of a sensor on the windshield, and that performs the same function as pressing a button on his remote control, unlocking the car door.....
One advantage to the do-it-yourself approach is that his system works only with his property, unlike corporate systems with many users linked to one database. With those systems, hackers could stage random attacks on anyone in the database

Finding folks in remote places
"Passive infrared (PIR) motion sensors are sometimes used in wildlife research," said Goldberg, who has pioneered networked teleoperation systems for more than a decade.

OrbComm..... a "little LEO System"


Graphic of LEO http://www.apsrfid.com/ProductsAndServices/Satellite.asp
excellent graphic top of webpage http://www.apsrfid.com/ProductsAndServices/RFID.asp

Teledesic -- LEO satellite system

VeriChips "Freedom 4 Wireless" www.freedom4wireless.com

Wireless Mesh Networking ( nodes ) plus GRAPHIC

RFID comes of age
VeriScan...a $2 billion business capable of allowing anything -- supplies, factory parts, books, files, pharmaceuticals, pets and even people -- to be tracked, provided they are within range of a scanner....
That in turn has given big revenue boosts to emerging market leaders such as RF Technologies, 3M Co. -- including its Eden Prairie subsidiary High Jump Software -- and firms such as VeriChip, Intermec and Texas Instruments. All of them are working feverishly to find new applications for their burgeoning technology.

RF Code tracking
It is ideal for asset tracking software applications and security system installations, where running network cable is not feasible or cost-effective
The new, enhanced dual-port Lantronix WiBox provides 802.11 b/g wireless capabilities for high bandwidth data throughput. The WiBox also provides a unique bridging capability which allows an Ethernet device, such as the Mantis reader, to be connected to an 802.11 wireless network. The WiBox is an industrial-grade product with a high operating temperature range and ruggedized enclosure.
RF Code is the premier developer of Real-Time Location and Sensor Solutions

Specknetted Smart Dust -- by Bruce Schneier
"Our world must already be flooded with specknetted smart dust. There is no privacy, certainly not in the audio range, and who knows if these things have other sensor capabilities?"

"This vision is of a future ubiquitous technological world, where grain-sized (ie millimetre cubed) semiconductor 'specks' or 'nodes' are invisibly distributed within our environments. Sensing, computing and communicating wirelessly, these tiny specks collaborate as programmable computational networks called 'specknets'.

According to Dr DK Arvind, Director of the Institute for Computing Systems Architecture at the University of Edinburgh and one of the UK's leading advocates of speckled computing, specks provide the possibility of seamless integration between the material and digital world.
Each speck has a sensor, its own processor and memory capability. This gives the specks a kind of 'computational aura', which can pick up information from the environment. Collaborating with other local specks, the data gathered is acted upon. Depending on the application, the specks can be programmed to read a variety of information. Working together the specks are powerful enough to create new forms of pervasive computing
Other important issues around speck-based computing are the ethical and social implications of pervasive technology."


Smart Dust
A key beneficiary in building ubiquitous wireless networks will be software radios. Already in use in advanced military radios, and under development by MIT spin-off Vanu and others, software radios are certain to be here soon. These replace hard-wired radios with a computer processor and an antenna using software-based signal processing. . This means that a software radio can support different standards and can be upgraded. One device, for example, could be an FM receiver, a GPS receiver, a GSM cell phone or an 802.11 wireless network transceiver just by changing the software application it uses. It enables tremendous economies of scale which will make radio links cheap enough to put in pretty much anything.

Smart Dust dropped from planes

Nanotechnology hopetotheend.com/nano.html  

Zigbee: wireless networking, monitoring and control ; www.zigbee.org
wireless ad hoc mesh network ( long and short range)

bluetooth http://www.e-principles.com/zigbee_-_plugging_the_gap_in_bluetooth_and_wifi.htm

Simplicity that equals multiplicity

"Soon, ZigBee will allow different manufacturers to create wireless sensors that can be managed over a single network"

Zigbee: like the zig-zag of a bee

The ZigBee Alliance includes Luxloft Labs and SensiLink
Other Resources: Texas Instruments
Lemos International
Ember Corporation
Arrow Europe

This radio chip can support 65,000 nodes in star, cluster, or mesh networks, with a range of 1 to 100 meters
(Ed : 328 feet; see below)

Conversion : meters to feet
100 meters times 3.28084 (feet per meter) = 328.084 feet
100 meters times 39.3701 (inches per meter) = 3,937.01 inches

Mesh networking ( nodes )
The radio supports up to 65,000 nodes in star, cluster or mesh networks, with a range of 1 to 100 m.
(Ed : 328 feet, see above )
At 1.8 V, receive current is 14.5 mA and transmit current is 4 mW while power consumption in sleep mode is 1 ľA.

Zigbee Z-link ( Atmel )
Wireless System Control ; Health Monitoring ..... Read / erase cycles


The single-chip transceiver lets designers focus on low-power very long range applications, and is optimized for license-free ISM band operations in the 400 to 950 MHz frequency range.

Automation with high functionality
To successfully meet the growing need for an open standards-based solution, participants must ensure that the technology adequately meets demands and is appropriately propagated among consumers — without projecting it as
an ubiquitous
technology for all applications,” says Doraiswamy.

The growing significance of home networking and automation has triggered the need for a short-range technology for wireless control.
This has created a healthy atmosphere for the increased penetration of ZigBee technology and a growing demand for ZigBee Chipsets.

Atmel microcontrollers; digital radio

Motes http://computer.howstuffworks.com/mote.htm

WiMax http://computer.howstuffworks.com/wimax2.htm

Homeland Security -
New techniques in monitoring and sensing biological, chemical or radiation threats have been discussed that are similar to the deployment of "smoke alarms" within a building. Sensors that can detect low-levels of contaminants can quickly and easily be deployed permanently or in response to a potential threat. Leveraging the Sensicast Sensor Networking Platform, the sensors can provide a safety net of detection over a large physical area - indoors or outdoors.


Mesh Dynamics http://www.meshdynamics.com/WhyStructuredMesh.html    

More on Orbcomm

ORBCOMM is a wireless telecommunications company that provides reliable, cost effective data communications services to customers around the world through its
unique low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite network and global ground infrastructure. A diverse customer base, including industry leaders General Electric, Caterpillar Inc., Volvo Trucks, XATA, and AirIQ, uses ORBCOMM services to track, monitor and control mobile and fixed assets including trucks, containers, marine vessels, locomotives, heavy machinery, pipelines, oil wells, utility meters and storage tanks anywhere in the world.  For more information call 1-800-ORBCOMM or visit its Web site at www.ORBCOMM.com.

FORT LEE, N.J., December 15, 2004 – ORBCOMM, a global satellite telecommunications company, today announced that it has executed an agreement with VeriChip™ Corporation, a subsidiary of Applied Digital (NASDAQ:ADSX), to be its provider of satellite and telecommunication services for applications to be developed for use with the world’s first implantable radio frequency identification (RFID) microchip, also called VeriChip™. 

Orbcomm – a subsidiary of Orbital Sciences Corp. of Dulles, VA

Explaining Orbcomm

http://www.marimsys.com/pages/orbcomm_system.htm ( Good photos and graphics)

portability, real-time, interoperability
VeriChip Health Information MicroTransponder System

Mehra divides wireless use among hospitals into two main categories:
1. data [ text: facts, figures etc. ] management and
2. voice communications.

“On the data side, doctors and other healthcare workers use notebooks and handheld devices such as PDAs and tablet PCs, providing them with instant access to all of their information and applications, wherever they are—whether it’s an electronic medical record, patient database or administrative database,” he explains.
Barcode scanners and RFID tags are used to track medications, equipment and even patients.

For voice communications, hospitals are making use of Voice over IP (VoIP) through the application of VoIP phones—similar to traditional cell phones—and badges that are not unlike the communicators worn by Federation members on Star Trek.

At Beth Israel Deaconess, we realized that there was a great utility in wireless data,” says John Halamka, M.D., CIO at Beth Israel Deaconess (and Harvard Medical School).
“We wanted doctors to be able to wander through various parts of the hospital, place orders for their patients, look up test results and look at X-rays. Wireless provides that ubiquitous access to the Web, and if 100 percent of your clinical systems are Web-enabled, this is something that is very empowering to the doctors.”
The network at Beth Israel Deaconess is made up of 216 access points covering the 2 million square foot facility.

For what Halamka refers to as “geo-location,” the hospital partnered with Pango Networks to outfit patient wristbands and equipment with RFID tags. ..... “It’s all done over the Wi-Fi network.” Patients are also able to access the Internet from their hospital beds, making it a little bit easier to pass the time.

To get around this, Beth Israel Deaconess is outfitted with Layer 3 Roaming technology by Cisco Systems.
“Layer 3 Roaming allows us to use routers,” Halamka explains. “A doctor can walk through the hospital and use his or her mobile device anywhere—it’s like roaming between cell sites, where you can go from one place to another without having your signal cut out.” Because the signals travel through routers, if there is an intrusion on the network, it remains isolated.

The VeriChip Health Information Microtransponder System, which is about the size of a grain of rice, features a secure database that stores patient-approved healthcare information and received clearance by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration during the fall of 2004. While advocates of privacy may take issue with the technology, the benefit to the healthcare profession is clear:
With this system, there is no guessing—especially in emergency situations. With the VeriChip, victims of natural disasters, sporting accidents and other traumatic events are able to provide their medical history, allergies and other important statistics without even being conscious.

So, how are the VeriChip people going to keep track of you ?
Well they have devised a system in order to "track" you...which is
not visual tracking, but can indirectly locate you whenever you pass one of their sensors ( scanners from 3--10 feet) which transmits data to their own telecommunication system of LEO ( low-earth-orbit ) satellites.

System for locating an individual with VeriChip:
Location Technology by telecommunication
"ceiling" = LEO satellite system

Embed Sensors

Another tracking solution

How to "track" a person without a subdermal VeriChip.
They are placing
sensors ( motes ) with "mesh networking" in the wilderness that cannot be seen. If a person walks across that monitoring- field, they could be detected.

Active tags on clothing and other things do activate sensors camouflaged in the wilderness
"Radio-frequency ID tags contain a computer chip that emits a signal a scanner can read."
Press-Enterprise -- 

NYC heavy surveillance
mesh networking ( web-enabled ) ... data-tracking ...
New York will install 1,000 surveillance cameras and 3,000 motion sensors in its sprawling network of subways and commuter rail stations as part of a $212 million security upgrade announced Tuesday
The security upgrades will be made to subway stations, bridges and tunnels operated by the MTA, and the Metro-North and Long Island Railroad commuter lines. None of the devices will be deployed in train cars or buses.

Sophisticated computer software will be used to integrate information from the system and link it to new MTA police department mobile command centers, Lapp said. For example, alarms will be set off at the command centers if the system detects an unattended package on a subway platform

100 Million sensors in the wilderness : "motes" ..."mesh networking"

Sensors Everywhere http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=57702816

Data-tracking ...wireless telecommunication ...everywhere

Big Brother could be tracking you

Wireless Sensor Networks

Dust networks

Built in GPS buoy with GPS receiver and antenna
http://www.soi.wide.ad.jp/class/20020017/slides/05/28.html (map and video)


Telemetry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telemetry

* * * * * * * * *

The REAL Reason for REAL ID .......

Applied Digital Solutions ( ADS )  has successfully worked around GPS for locating and tracking
Whenever persons who have the VeriChip in them --- a  contactless rfid chip --
pass by a sensor, they can be located. 
This is not the same as
visual tracking, however by communicating points of movement sporadically, the System can have an idea of where you are.
And, the System can also track those without the VeriChip, due to REAL ID.

Since the System knows that many people will not take the internal VeriChip, they now have a way of tracking and locating those people through a "smart rfid contactless chip" in a card which transmits a code, along with one's unique identifying number. 
That code opens up the mega-database.

The contactless chip in that case is external, since it will be embedded in one's National ID Card ... the REAL ID
( reformatted driver's license ). It will not be implanted in the body.
* ALL *  people --
whether they have an internal contactless chip, or an external contactless chip ---
can be tracked, monitored, located and eventually controlled.

Sensor tags

Smart contactless RFID ....
more info at

GPS tracking of individuals over the entire state of Tennessee

City Talk etc.

One nation, under broadband for all

In an ambitious proposal, a Silicon Valley company has asked the U.S. government to give it a band of radio spectrum for a free high-speed wireless Internet network that would cover most of the United States and be supported by advertising.  The idea is to create something like an Internet version of broadcast television, using local and national sponsors to pay for what its promoters say would be nearly ubiquitous high-speed access.  The company, M2Z Networks, is backed by several prominent Silicon Valley venture capitalists. It is making a case that its plan could hasten the spread of broadband Internet use and lead to lower prices by spurring competition with the cable and telephone giants that dominate the Internet market
The proposal comes as several cities, including San Francisco and Philadelphia, are working with companies to build local Wi-Fi networks to provide free or subsidized Internet access
But the spectrum would be enough to deliver the company's proposed free Internet access at 384 kilobits a second, about six times the speed of dial-up, said Bruce Sachs, a partner with the venture capital firm Charles River Ventures.

Digital "U" cities

Built from scratch, it will boast the most advanced digital infrastructure imaginable, from blanket wireless Internet coverage and automated recycling to universal smart cards that can be used to pay bills, access medical records, and open doors.
Songdo will merge medical, business, residential and government data systems into a so-called ubiquitous, or "U" city, on a scale never seen before. There are smaller ubiquitous projects, but they are not the size of Songdo.
Homes and offices will have built-in computers that will collect data from swipe cards and sensors for the "U-life" management center. It will be run by Songdo U-Life L.L.C., a joint venture of Songdo's U.S. developer, Gale International, and LG Electronics subsidiary LG CNS, the creator of Songdo's digital backbone

Liz McIntyre, coauthor of a book on consumer privacy and corporations called Spychips, said South Koreans should be wary.
"Songdo City's anonymous tracking infrastructure could quickly be turned to new purposes, and its people could become virtual prisoners of their own technological creations," McIntyre wrote in an e-mail.

"CityTalk" to Acquire 3 Companies: Wireless Tower, Spectrum and Network Assets
acquiring wireless networks to coalesce rapidly
Move Follows Recent Merger with Semotus (software ) , Inc. and Hiring of Stephens ( Investment Bank ) Inc.

WEST PALM BEACH, Fla.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--CityTalk, Inc. (CTI), an emerging player in the fast-growing cellular market, announced today it has
signed a definitive agreement with a U.S. regional flat rate wireless company to acquire selected wireless infrastructure assets
[ Richard] Sullivan ..." The experience of the CTI team in executing acquisitions, growing operations, building networks and accessing the capital markets should coalesce to provide exciting growth opportunities for our shareholders. Key acquisitions are an important part of our strategy. In addition to the agreement we are announcing today, we are in various levels of discussion with a number of regional wireless carriers, each of which will add important experience, reach and financial results in support of our plans.
Stephens Inc. is a full service investment banking firm headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas

And as wireless-service providers roll out a new technology called WiMax, allowing for broadband access from within a 30-mile radius of its antenna, they will likely attach the new antennas required for that technology to existing wireless towers, which they will lease. After all, building wireless towers can be costly, to the tune of $200,000 per site, and gaining municipal permits for construction can turn into a multiyear headache. As a result, it's much easier to rent tower space from existing companies.

Semotus ( software) merges with Richard Sullivan's
causing all to go wireless
LOS GATOS, Calif., Nov. 15, 2006 (PRIMEZONE) -- Semotus Solutions, Inc. (AMEX:DLK), a software solutions company for enterprise mobility, today announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to merge with Citytalk, Inc. ("CTI"), an emerging player in the fast-growing cellular market. Privately held CTI was founded by Richard Sullivan, former Chairman and CEO of Applied Digitial Solutions (Nasdaq:ADSX) and Digital Angel Corporation (AMEX:DOC), and Steve Keaveney, an experienced telecommunications entrepreneur.

LaPine : " We have carefully examined CTI's strategy to acquire tower infrastructure and cellular operations in key markets in the continental U.S. and we've concluded that CTI's proven management team is poised to take advantage of the growth potential in the wireless space."

Richard Sullivan, Citytalk Chairman and CEO, added: "The experience of the CTI team in executing acquisitions, growing operations, building networks and accessing the capital markets should coalesce to provide for exciting growth opportunities for both Semotus and CTI shareholders. Key acquisitions are an important part of our strategy.

Sullivan launched and oversaw the strategic development of VeriChip, the world's first human implantable RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) microchip with a wide range of medical information, security, and financial verification applications. Sullivan also served as Chairman and CEO of Digital Angel Corporation (AMEX:DOC). In 1970, he was a founding member of the management team of Manufacturing Data Systems

Concluding, Richard Sullivan stated, "CTI is eager to leverage the strong Semotus software technology platform and the executive talents of Mr. LaPine. I have requested that Mr. LaPine serve as Vice Chairman of the combined company and have secured a commitment from him to remain for at least three years to help execute the ambitious plans I have for the future.

CityTalk ("CTI") is a merger vehicle founded by Richard Sullivan, former CEO and Chairman of Applied Digitial Solutions and Digital Angel Corporation and telecom business entrepreneur Steve Keaveney to acquire tower infrastructure and flat rate cellular operations in key markets in the continental U.S. CTI is in advanced negotiations for the acquisition of a significant tower asset, spectrum and cellular portfolio.
Founded in 1993, Semotus Solutions (AMEX:DLK) is a provider of software for the mobile enterprise, connecting people to critical business systems, information and processes. Semotus has a Fortune 1000 customer base including Lockheed Martin, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Coca-Cola, Hewlett Packard, Nextel Communications, JP Morgan Chase and The United Nations. Semotus Solutions' software provides mobility, convenience, efficiency and profitability in the areas of workforce automation, finance, health care and m-commerce.

Founded in 1993, Semotus Solutions (AMEX:DLK) is a provider of software for the mobile enterprise, connecting people to critical business systems, information and processes.
Semotus Solutions -- wireless everywhere
Hiplink wireless
www.clickmarks.com ..remote control
www.xb.com ..remote control

AeroScout WiMax

Canadians warn of loss of greater privacy
Kerr, a professor at the University of Ottawa, portrayed a universe in the near future where people use implantable microchips to communicate with each other and with electronic devices through an ad hoc personal wireless network, a universe where receivers tracking that information are a fixture of public venues. [ Ed: Zigbee and wOznet ]

International Wi-Fi mapping -- rms ( location-tracking without GPS )
"In a new initiative, Microsoft has dispatched cars to trawl many city and suburban streets across the U.S. to locate the signals sent out by millions of short-range home and office wireless (or WiFi) networks.
(MSNBC is a Microsoft-NBC joint venture.)
The unusual move, now being repeated in the U.K. and some other countries, is part of a plan to create a
ground-based location system as an alternative to the GPS satellite system. This echoes an effort by A9, a search engine owned by Amazon.com, the online retailer, to use trucks with cameras mounted on the roof to photograph millions of store fronts in the U.S.
Microsoft has also used low-flying aircraft to catch big urban centers on film, while the software company and Google, the search company, are racing to make widely available the most detailed satellite images of every corner of the earth's surface.

Microsoft said that, by recording the position of every MAC address on a giant map, it had created a positioning system that would make it possible for anyone with a WiFi-enabled laptop computer to identify their location to within 30.5 meters.

Siemens and Infineon
Munich, Nov 15, 2006, Siemens and Infineon jointly present a unique solution for the fast and reliable transmission of broadband services such as IPTV and HD-TV with LAN-compatible devices in private households. This cutting edge product is based on Polymer Optical Fibers (POF), which are especially easy to lay and install. Similar to glass fibers, data is transmitted via light waves that reach a constant bandwidth of 100 Mbps. The use of optical-electrical LAN adapters results in a Plug&Play solution that can connect to any LAN compatible device found in the home. T-Com, the Fixed Network business unit of Deutsche Telekom AG, now offers this solution to its IPTV customers in a package that includes two optical LAN adapters, LAN wires as well as a polymer optical cable.
This new solution offers a high level of service that’s similar to Ethernet wiring and is therefore well suited for streaming high bandwidth applications. Since POF is immune to electromagnetic interference (EMI) the data stream remains constant – furthermore, the transmission is also tap-proof due to the fact that it is a point-to-point connection.

Converting devices to Ethernet
eCOV-110 easily connects to RS-232 serial devices like barcode scanners, swipe-card readers, proximity card readers, electronic door- locks, medical and security equipment. Connect any serial output to an Ethernet network that consists of a single Computer host or your complete LAN or WAN.
Automation - POS peripherals, factory automation, barcode scanners Home/Building Monitoring for controlling any serial (RS-232C) device.

What is ethernet ?
Computers communicating over co-axial cable and twisted pair wires

Ethernet cards are being built into computers

From the Newswire: fair educational use

Mass production of tiny motion-sensors
The sensor, which measures about 3 square millimeters or one-tenth of an inch, is not the smallest motion sensor ever invented. But it is extremely sensitive, draws only a tiny amount of electrical power and -- most important – is one of a new generation of sensors that can be made using the computer chip manufacturing industry's standard techniques and equipment
That means that in the near future "the application range can be expanded a lot," said Huikai Xie, a UF assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering.

Cheap, tiny, easily made and paired with wireless technology, motion sensors could be easily worn or even sewn into clothes, he said. That could help coaches zero in on the movements of athletes, or nurses working at a distance monitor elderly people in their homes.

The chip uses about one-thousandth of a watt of power, meaning it has the potential to operate for as long as a year on a standard watch battery. It is also extremely sensitive, so much so that it can register sound as well as motion

Although developing the first few sensors was expensive, Xie estimated it could cost $10 or less if mass produced. He and his graduate students have installed several sensors in a cigarette pack-sized board of electronics to test their capabilities. UF also is pursuing a patent on the sensor.

"Eventually, you can wear all kinds of sensors with you to monitor everything you want to know - your heartbeat, your blood pressure or even something like your glucose concentration," Xie said. "I think this is a very interesting, exciting field that will eventually help people live much higher quality of life

Satellite-monitoring ( BIG BROTHER on steroids)
" US-based Digital Angel is developing products and services which combine biosensor technology with web-enabled wireless telecommunications linked to Global Positioning Systems.
Accordingly, they can monitor the key body functions of a human or animal, and transmit that data along with accurate location information, to a ground station or monitoring facility so that they can be monitored and tracked by loved ones ( Ed : as well as by unloved ones ) .
Their whereabouts can even be viewed on a map over the internet - sort of like tracking your freight on fedex.com - only this monitors the condition of the person being tracked too"

Tracking info on Internet users

MIT's newly upgraded wireless network — extended this month to cover the entire school — doesn't merely get you online in study halls, stairwells or any other spot on the 9.4 million square foot campus. It also provides information on exactly how many people are logged on at any given location at any given time.
It even reveals a user's identity if the individual has opted to make that data public.

Wi - Fi mapping
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Nov. 2 (AScribe Newswire) -- The Massachusetts Institute of Technology "unwired" last month when Information Services & Technology installed the last of 2,800 wireless access points, making the MIT campus one of the largest geographic entities - about 9.4 million square feet - served by a single wireless network.

Novation medical tracking with eXI
June 28, 2005 -- VeriChip Corp.'s recent acquisition, eXI Wireless Inc., has signed a three-year, dual-source agreement with Novation, the supply company of VHA Inc. and the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC). With this contract, two of eXI's RFID solutions for the healthcare industry will now be made accessible to more than 2,500 VHA and UHC members as top-of-the-line protection solutions

RFID for
[ finding ] people
" With the integration of eXI Wireless' external [ Ed : location devices ] security solutions for people, VeriChip Corporation now provides leading edge security solutions utilizing both implanted and external RFID products for people.
[ Ed: Internal location by telecomm --- ORBCOMM ; external location by GPS receiver ]
The company now, through the introduction of improved external products, offers a complete wander protection system in the healthcare industry.

VeriChip is a wholly owned subsidiary of Applied Digital and the only company to provide both implanted and external RFID security solutions for people, their assets, and their environments. From the world's first and only FDA-cleared, human-implantable RFID microchip to the only patented active RFID tag with skin-sensing capabilities, VeriChip leads the way in next-generation RFID technologies. Today, over 3,000 installations worldwide in healthcare, security, industrial, and government markets benefit from both the protection and cost savings VeriChip's innovation delivers."

Next Generation Thermo Life
Thermo Life produces power (currently 3V) by converting heat energy into electrical energy. The next-generation round-shaped Thermo Life is a micro-technology device that is the culmination of 8 years of research and development. The new round Thermo Life measures 9.3 mm in diameter, and weighs 230 mg, nearly 50% lighter and smaller than the original Thermo Life.

The new Thermo Life design creates a more efficient power output and contributes to higher conversion efficiency. The new design also increases potential applications for Thermo Life such as a viable energy source for active RFID tags, ZigBee Chipsets, wearable electronics, medical devices and micro-sensor systems
With the recent acquisition of eXI wireless, VeriChip Corporation now offers active RFID tags in a healthcare-security environment. As VeriChip - an RFID Company for People - evolves, Thermo Life can be used as an alternative power source for external RFID tags in a healthcare environment providing a lifetime power source and negating the need for a change of batteries.
Commenting on this development, Chairman and CEO of Applied Digital, Scott R. Silverman stated, "This next-generation Thermo Life is a direct result of VeriChip's acquisition of eXI Wireless.
Knowing that the acquisition was in the process, our research and development personnel aimed to improve the Thermo Life product to provide a potential power source for an active RFID tag for People

Thermo Life, eXI and Zigbee 802.15.4
Marc Poulshock, the President of Thermo Life(TM) Energy Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of Applied Digital, commended the achievement of the technology development team on the Next-Generation Thermo Life(TM). He also stated, "Thermo Life(TM) is now positioned to become an integral part of the power supply requirements for many real world applications including active RFID tags and ZigBee enabled devices. With the recent acquisition of eXI Wireless by VeriChip, we have the ability to move forward in an aggressive fashion to establish Thermo Life(TM) as the power source for the active RFID tags presented by VeriChip. We also have a strong ZigBee ally that stems from eXI's involvement, since 2001, in the establishment of the 802.15.4 ZigBee wireless standard. Since Thermo Life(TM) has greater access to this expansive technology team at VeriChip, we will be working to develop a power supply for ZigBee enabled devices in a more expeditious fashion. Ultimately, Thermo Life(TM) can play a leading role in removing the enormous hurdle presented after deploying thousands of ZigBee enabled devices... the requirement to change the batteries."
For more information on ZigBee and the ZigBee Alliance see www.ZigBee.org

VeriChip to add 200 more dealers and distributors
The agreement also calls for eXI's 200 dealers and distributors in North America to begin offering VeriChip products. VeriChip expects to bring in $8 million-$10 million in revenue this year.
1. HALO, an infant security system for hospitals;
2. RoamAlert Wander Protection System, a tracking application for long-term care facilities; elderly
3. Assetrac Location & Protection System, which is designed to help health care organizations track supplies and medical equipment ( objects)

Roam Alert Wander Protection System ( Alzheimers etc. )
VeriChip Corporation now provides leading edge security solutions utilizing both implanted and external RFID products for people. The company now, through the introduction of improved external products, offers a complete wander protection system in the healthcare industry.

RoamAlert, the external next-generation patient wandering protection system utilizing wearable and
attachable RFID tagging technology, now offers increased levels of patient safety and freedom while saving time and money associated with the tedious task of locating:
patients that have wandered,
equipment that has been misplaced or stolen,
and staff that may need immediate assistance.
The new functionality already in use with RoamAlert Integrity product installations throughout
American nursing homes and assisted living facilities, extends beyond the standard automatic alerting when patients leave or enter pre-defined exits or areas and includes:
1. Real-time location of patients and residents,
2. Facility-defined
containment zones for different classes of patient wanderers,
3. One-touch distress alerting for staff or patients enabling a quick call for help,
4. Equipment tracking for the protection and locating of such common assets as wheelchairs, IV stands, or expensive multimedia equipment.

Assisted Living Federation of America's National Conference in Atlanta, Georgia running May 4-6, 2005.

Progress from eXI
" and completed the acquisition of eXI Wireless, which will dramatically increase VeriChip Corporation's revenue and access to distributors for VeriChip's implantable product. With this acquisition, VeriChip Corporation has become an RFID company for people and their environments, which is a clear differentiator in the RFID sector."
Completion of eXI Wireless acquisition. Transaction enhances Company's product offerings and positions VeriChip as the first RFID company for people.

Applied Digital develops innovative security products for consumer, commercial, and government sectors worldwide. The Company's unique and often proprietary products provide security for people, animals, the food supply, government/military arena, and commercial assets. Included in this diversified product line are RFID applications, end-to-end food safety systems, GPS/Satellite communications, and telecomm and security infrastructure, positioning Applied Digital as the leader of Security Through Innovation. Applied Digital is the owner of a majority position in Digital Angel Corporation

Ed note: We believe that Dr. Halamka was implanted with two chips... one passive RF for ID ;
Dr. Halamka's chip is the size of "two grains of rice" ... TWICE the size of the regular VeriChip .
Why ??
One grain of rice for ID ? ...
Does the other "grain of rice" chip contain Thermo Life sensors to report physiological data ?

FEBRUARY 11, 2005 (COMPUTERWORLD) - An RFID chip the size of two grains of rice and encased in a glass container was implanted in back of the right arm near the elbow of John Halamka, CIO of Harvard Medical School, just before Christmas.
Ed : the muscle in the arm causes excitation that generates the in-arm verichip.

a Communications-Data device
ORBCOMM signs agreement with VeriChip
Companies Will Jointly Develop and Market Innovative Military, Security and Healthcare Applications for VeriChip(TM), the World's First Implantable Microchip
ORBCOMM, a global satellite telecommunications company, today announced that it has executed an agreement with VeriChip(TM) Corporation, a subsidiary of Applied Digital (NASDAQ:ADSX), to be its provider of satellite and telecommunication services for applications to be developed for use with the world's first implantable radio frequency identification (RFID) microchip, also called VeriChip(TM).

ORBCOMM's relationship with VeriChip(TM) provides yet another new and important industry that will use the ORBCOMM satellite system and its ground infrastructure network to transmit messages globally," Jerry Eisenberg, CEO of ORBCOMM, said.
ORBCOMM is a wireless telecommunications company that provides reliable, cost effective data communications services to customers around the world through its unique low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite network and global ground infrastructure.

The LEO system uses triangulation, only if the data is put in.
ORBCOMM is a LEO system ( low earth orbit system ) that is in the communication business only. ( works well with Blackberry and law enforcement)
Once a proprietary scanner is scanned over a person's verichip, the number is then made web-enabled and transmitted by ORBCOMM to receivers. ( cell phones etc.)
The advantage of doing this is the fact that beforehand the info was one-on-one. Only the reader had access to your chip's number. Now that they are linking up with ORBCOMM and eXI wireless, the playing field is vastly widened, and if anyone is looking for you, they can more or less find you with the VeriChip. But only when it is scanned by a reader or a queried by a sensor.
Communication helps in locating a person. This is data-tracking.

Other LEO Systems

Diagram of NOAA system

Location tracking with PlaceLab triangulation rms
Be sure to read the comments below the article

Motorola's Teledesic - LEO satellites




66 Iridium low earth orbit ( LEO ) satellites
Iridium Satellite LLC http://www.iridium.com is the only provider of truly global satellite voice and data solutions with complete coverage of the earth (including oceans, airways and Polar Regions). Iridium delivers essential communications services to and from remote areas where no other form of communication is available. Iridium makes this possible through its constellation of 66 low-earth orbiting (LEO) satellites. The Iridium service is ideally suited for industries such as maritime, aviation, government/military, emergency/humanitarian services, mining, forestry, oil and gas, and heavy construction.
Iridium currently provides service to the U.S. Department of Defense under a multi-year contract. Iridium sells equipment and services through 44 service providers. In addition, 28 value- added manufacturers build Iridium-based products, and 22 value-added resellers build and sell Iridium-based solutions.

Articles pertaining to the above :

Home HeartBeat -- Zigbee - automation

As of April 1, 2005 VeriChip bought out eXI wireless


eXI wireless telecommunication
"eXI Wireless Inc. is a pioneer in wireless identification, control, and location technologies that provide peace of mind to groups wanting to protect, track, and locate their individuals and assets. With over 20 years experience, eXI is behind some of the industry's first patient wandering, infant protection, and tool tracking systems uniquely combining radio frequency identification (RFID) and real-time location system (RTLS) technologies in its state-of-the-art, unobtrusive solutions. Through eXI's continued wireless innovation, end customers gain the protection, cost savings, operating efficiencies, and overall peace of mind they require when it comes to their people and assets. And vendors looking to improve their product offerings through the use of eXI's RFID technology gain the expertise and end result they require quickly and cost effectively.
"tracking systems uniquely combining radio frequency identification (RFID) and real-time location system (RTLS) technologies in its state-of-the-art, unobtrusive solutions."
www.exi.com http://www.exi.com/company.html ( no longer working)

e-Tegra ( TM) auto ID

GlobalStar -- 48 LEO telecommunication satellites in conjunction with OUTERLINK

Outerlink works with an rfid antennae location system

Graphic http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov/tpr/1999/its_t/symposium/symposium.html

China working on ASAT ( anti satellite) systems

Given this technology — at lower power thresholds – "Chinese researchers may believe that low-energy lasers can 'blind' sensors on low-Earth-orbiting satellites," the report suggests, but whether Beijing has tested such a capability is unclear.

Sensing the World

" Knowing this first, that there shall come in the Last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, and saying,
"Where is the promise of His coming ?
For since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation."
2 Peter 3: 3,4

Cellphones with GPS receivers -- cellular vs. satellite
triangulation and gyroscopes
But cellphones with GPS receivers have brought the cost within reach of almost anyone. Leong says the monthly cost of the application is now around $20 to $25 per phone, plus airtime charges. Prices vary, depending on how often the location is reported, but Leong says a $20-a-month, 1.5-megabyte package serves most needs.
Even in-vehicle systems today can use the cellular network to report their location to a central point, instead of transmitting that information by satellite as early systems did. That reduces costs noticeably.

Most advances in this area can be attributed to the U.S. government's requirement that cellular carriers develop the ability to pinpoint the locations of cellphones that call 911 emergency services to within 150 metres 95 per cent of the time. That has accelerated the arrival of GPS-equipped phones and led carriers to explore using the cellular network itself to locate phones more accurately.

Click Commerce

Disinformation; mis-leading ; preying upon fears and emotions

"It only costs a couple hundred dollars, after all – a small price to pay for security" [ Ed. note: How are they secure ?]
" If their children are kidnapped they can be found, hopefully, before they are brutalized or tortured."
"They will want to be found. They will want the convenience. They will want to feel safe. They will want to know where they are. They will want to know someone is watching over them."

But there are grey clouds on the horizon. Earlier this year, reports abounded of the development of a tool called RFDump that allows someone with the right equipment to read and even change the underlying information on an RFID chip. Most chips are also thought to have a life span of about 20 years, adding to privacy fears.

e-Tegra and eLink

Salvation hopetotheend.com/sal.html