Hope To The End ....................................... Phenomenon ..... pg 2 ..................... Volcanoes ...............
Earthquakes in Diverse ( unusually different ) Places
Latest updates at http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/
EARTHQUAKES / TSUNAMIS (Tidal Waves)
From the Newswire :
U.S. 27 Nuclear Reactors vulnerable to quakes
Safety Rules loosened
Interactive map of aging nuclear plants USA
2011 Largest earthquake in English Channel ( area of Chunnel
March 11, 2011 -- Japan 9.1 quake (1) triggers tsunami (2) , axis shift (3) , nuke leak (4)
Resulting in blackouts and radiation fallout. Infrastructure broken down. People without shelter and food.
Kobe, Japan; Mag 7.2 quake 5,000 died 1995 http://www.georesources.co.uk/kobehigh.htm
Nevada's Great Basin "blob" eating away at earth's mantle
"Here's how it works: "The Earth's mantle, which lies below the thin outer crust we live on, consists of rock which deforms plastically on very long time scales due to the heat and pressure at depth," West said. "In any material which can flow (including the mantle), a heavy object will tend to sink through lighter material."
And this is what the scientists think is happening with the lithospheric drip. A region of heavier material trapped in the lithosphere gets warmed up and begins to sink into the lighter, less dense mantle beneath, pulling a long tail of material after it.
He said the blob is between about 30 miles and 60 miles in diameter and extends from a depth of about 47 miles to at least 310 miles beneath Earth's surface.
We wondered how you could have something like a drip that is drawing material into its center when the surface of the whole area is stretching apart," said ASU researcher Matthew Fouch. "But it turns out that there is an area right above the drip, in fact the only area in the Great Basin, that is currently undergoing contraction." Last year, Arizona State University Allen McNamara explained how Earth is not neatly divided into a crust, mantle and core. Rather, several large blobs of highly compressed rock which he described as behaving like honey or peanut butter exist
Ilinois : Wabash Valley quake zone
Some geologists describe the Wabash Valley zone in southern Illinois and Indiana as separate from the New Madrid formation, while others say it's part of the same system. What's clear is that the Illinois and Indiana faults can pack as much energy as the better-known New Madrid, which is centered in Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky and the southern tip of Illinois.
The worst quakes ever to hit the Wabash Valley region may have matched the huge New Madrid events of 1811 and 1812, which had an estimated magnitude of up to 8 on the Richter scale. Those quakes made church bells ring in Boston and caused damage as far away as South Carolina and Washington, D.C., historians believe.
Increased Risk along New Madrid Fault
Strain is building on a fault near Memphis, Tennessee that was the site of a magnitude 8.1 earthquake in 1812, according to new observations that settle a debate on the risk of another huge quake.
Such a strong earthquake would rock the entire eastern half of the country and prove devastating to the local region
The new study, detailed in the June 23 issue of the journal Nature reveals a vexing characteristic of the fault that traverses the region. The ground moves more near the fault, creeping a few millimeters every year, than it does farther from it.
http://www.livescience.com/forcesofnature/050622_new_madrid.html not working
Lots of Quakes 2004
Africa to its HORN --
March 2006 .... seismic and volcanic
Major Earthquake Fault runs through downtown Los Angeles -- May 24, 2005
Puente Hills THRUST Faultline ( from Whittier to Bev Hills - Santa Monica)
A similar earthquake there today could cause 3,000 to 18,000 deaths, 60,000 to 260,000 injuries and $250 billion in total damages, according to Tom Jordan, director of the SCEC and co-author of a study on the fault published in the May issue of Earthquake Spectra
Between 142,000 and 735,000 people could be displaced if such a temblor hits.
"There are a lot of uncertainties in these predictions," said Jordan, explaining the wide range in possible deaths, injuries and displacements.
The Puente Hills fault largely runs in an east-west direction. On the western end, it is a couple miles underground, almost directly under USC, said Jordan. The fault continues eastward, dipping under the San Gabriel Mountains
The predicted losses from a Puente Hills quake are far greater, in part because of the higher potential magnitudes. Also, the Puente Hills fault sits under old and more vulnerable commercial and industrial structures, while the Northridge quake shook up an area of wood-frame residential structures.
New York City ( Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant )
"A main point of concern in the new findings is that the Indian Point nuclear power plant is located on top of where two active fault lines meet, 25 miles north of New York City.
Ramapo Fault ( NYC )
Actually 300,000 died from Sumatra Tsunami
100,000 feared dead from Indian Ocean Tsunami; epidemics soon ( 11 nations )
The official death toll this morning was 87,475 - including nearly 48,000 in Indonesia alone.
Entire towns in Indonesia, near the epicentre of the earthquake, were wiped out with huge loss of life. The devastation is centred on Aceh province on Sumatra Island. Authorities there said current figures did not include a full count from Sumatras west coast, which had not yet been fully surveyed and where more than 10,000 deaths were suspected.
In Thailand, international teams and more than 13,000 nationals were today mounting the countrys largest ever rescue and relief operation.
In Sri Lanka, reports of measles and diarrhoea were beginning to emerge, leading to fears of an epidemic
Paramedics in southern India were vaccinating thousands of survivors against cholera, typhoid, hepatitis A and dysentery, and authorities sprayed bleaching powder on beaches where bodies have been recovered.
Sri Lanka reported 24,297 dead and India more than 13,000 deaths. A total of more than 300 were killed in Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Somalia, Tanzania and Kenya
MaxWave ... WaveAtlas
Monster waves at sea detected by ERS radar satellites ( ESA European Space Agency) -- July 22, 2004
Once dismissed as a nautical myth, freakish ocean waves that rise as tall as ten-storey apartment blocks have been accepted as a leading cause of large ship sinkings. Results from ESA's ERS satellites helped establish the widespread existence of these 'rogue' waves and are now being used to study their origins.
Severe weather has sunk more than 200 supertankers and container ships exceeding 200 metres in length during the last two decades. Rogue waves are believed to be the major cause in many such cases.
The incidents occurred less than a thousand kilometres apart from each other," said Wolfgang Rosenthal - Senior Scientist with the GKSS Forschungszentrum GmbH research centre, located in Geesthacht in Germany - who has studied rogue waves for years. "All the electronics were switched off on the Bremen as they drifted parallel to the waves, and until they were turned on again the crew were thinking it could have been their last day alive.
This is especially true in the case of the notoriously dangerous Agulhas current off the east coast of South Africa, but rogue wave associations are also found with other currents such as the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic, interacting with waves coming down from the Labrador Sea.
UTAH's Wasatch Fault Line... Megatrench
Geologists have now dissected our infamous Wasatch Fault with the longest and deepest trench yet. Called a Megatrench, the huge slice goes deeper than any previous one and could give researchers a new sense of earthquake risks in the Provo area.
Three hundred feet long and 30 feet down, geologists here really wanted to carve out a deep diary that documents five to six earthquakes a long way back.
Out of all the segments of the Wasatch Fault which extend from Brigham City on the North to Nephi on the south, the 50 mile long Provo segment seems to produce the strongest earthquakes.
In Magnitude that's greater than seven. Geologists and seismologists are really looking for probabilities here - when we might expect the next BIG one and which segment along the Wasatch Fault is most likely to break loose next.
http://tv.ksl.com/index.php?nid=5&sid=48197 not working
Mapleton Trench , Salt Lake City UTAH...the timing is so right
Also the "West Valley Fault Group"
Utah's earthquake hazard is being driven by forces deep in the earth that scientists have yet to fully explain. But they know the Wasatch Front is at the ripping edge of the Great Basin, an immense mile-high desert extending nearly 500 miles to Reno, Nev.
The Great Basin has been subject to millions of years of stretching, an almost continuous creep measured at nearly a half-inch a year westward that is widening the continent, said University of Utah geophysicist James Pechmann
http://www.sltrib.com/2003/Sep/09152003/utah/92621.asp not working
Fault lines interconnected ?? One quake triggers others ??
A big earthquake that cracked roads and closed an oil pipeline in rural Alaska has spawned shudders thousands of miles south in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, researchers said on Monday
7.5 Quake Hits Ascension Island .... Nov 4, 2002 ..... (Half-Hour After Alaska Quake)
Middle of South Atlantic Ocean ; midway between Brazil and Angola
"It is a communications relay center for Britain, and has a U.S. satellite tracking center."
List around the World Most recent http://search.news.yahoo.com/search/news?p=earthquake&n=30
http://quake.usgs.gov/recent/index.html AND US Map http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/current/usa.html
Tetonic Plates "Ring of Fire" http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/PlateTectonics/Maps/map_plate_tectonics_world.html
Various Plates http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/PlateTectonics/description_plate_tectonics.html
Solar Flares linked to earthquakes ? http://globalrumblings.blogspot.com/2011/03/japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-caused-by.html
Charleston, North Carolina Quake of 1886
It took Charleston months to recover, to clean the city, to repair the houses and gardens. Apparently, the earthquake had
a body-wave magnitude (mb) of 6.7 and a surface-wave magnitude (Ms) of 7.7. The event produced no surface faulting,
so the fault movement must have occurred below 20-km depth. The large magnitude corresponds to a rupture length of
about 30km and a rupture width on the fault surface of about 19 km. The seism was felt over a very large area. The large
felt area is typical of the eastern United States and is largely attributed to the persistence of longer-period seismic waves,
http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/nov2002/calvinm1113-2.htm not working
History of New York City's earthquakes http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-03-17/local/29175617_1_moderate-earthquake-magnitude-seismologist
New Madrid Seismic Zone (Mississippi Valley) NMSZ
New Madrid Fault Zone NMFZ http://hsv.com/genlintr/newmadrd/
In the winter of 1811 and 1812 there were 3 (three) magnitude-8
earthquakes which eminated from New Madrid, Missouri. It affected everyone within 250 miles of that area, and was felt as far away as South Carolina and Washington DC. It even rang bells in Boston, Massachusetts, 1,000 miles away. They are due to have another strong quake in the future.
New Madrid Fault http://folkworm.ceri.memphis.edu/recenteqs/
US Quake Map http://quake.wr.usgs.gov/QUAKES/FactSheets/NewMadrid
Caused by Nuclear Testing
December 13-1999 Yahoo News...Arkansas (Mississippi County)
Large parcels of land disappearing (sinkholes and trenches)....
collapsing due to drought and being along the New Madrid Fault Line.
At the Mid-America Earthquake Center in St. Louis, scientists urged retro-fitting of buildings
and infrastructure in order to survive the next New Madrid earthquake.