Hope To The End..... e-health ........ tech 1 ............ tech 2
Nano Technology--- The
Headlines in Nano Technology: applying it to humans http://www.azonano.com/Details.asp?ArticleID=1331
NELSI: nano, ethical, legal and social issues http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2006/105/42.0.html
"And a god whom his fathers knew not [ Ed: TECHNOLOGY ] shall he [ antichrist-beast ] worship with
gold [ NANOTECHNOLGY ]
and silver and with precious stones, and pleasant things " -- Daniel 11: 38
Gold and nanotechnology http://www.gold.org/discover/sci_indu/indust_app/nanotech_intro.html
MEMS ... Micro-electro-mechanical systems
Microelectronic integrated circuits can be thought of as the "brains" of a system and MEMS augments this decision-making capability with "eyes" and "arms", to allow microsystems to sense and control the environment. Sensors gather information from the environment through measuring mechanical, thermal, biological, chemical, optical, and magnetic phenomena. The electronics then process the information derived from the sensors and through some decision making capability direct the actuators to respond by moving, positioning, regulating, pumping, and filtering, thereby controlling the environment for some desired outcome or purpose. Because MEMS devices are manufactured using batch fabrication techniques similar to those used for integrated circuits, unprecedented levels of functionality, reliability, and sophistication can be placed on a small silicon chip at a relatively low cost.
MEMS and NEMS http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MEMS
K. Warwick, "brainbots" and dopamine -- Reading U. Britain
Meanwhile, a team at the University of Sheffield in Britain has built a brainbot controlled by a mathematical model of the brains basal gangliathe part that helps us decide what to do next. Depending on how much simulated dopamine (the neurotransmitter in the brain that controls movement, behaviour, mood and learning) is dialled into the mathematical model, the brainbot responds differently.
Too much, and the machine ( Ed: make that "person" ) has trouble suppressing unwanted actions, or tries to do two incompatible things at oncelike patients with Huntingtons disease, Tourettes syndrome or schizophrenia.
Too little digital dopamine, and the machine has difficulty deciding how to movelike patients with Parkinsons disease.
Warwicks team at Reading has now gone a stage further. Instead of using a computer model of part of the brain as a controller, the groups new animat (part animal, part material) relies solely on nerve cells from an actual brain
Nano in our food --Toxic chemicals in our food
Nanotechnology, the manipulation of matter at a scale of 100 nanometres or smaller the levels of atoms and molecules, is already used in the manufacture of products such as nutritional supplements, cling wrap and containers, antibacterial kitchenware, processed meats, chocolate drinks, baby food and chemicals used in agriculture.
Nanotechnology engineers say that a new era of food free of the negative effects of fatty or sugary foods is upon us, enthusing that future generations of humanity will be able to eat any kind of food no matter how rich or salty or high in cholesterol, thanks to the new science of the very small
... "there are already many products containing nanomaterials on the shelves, and many more expected in the future."
Nanoflowers detect alchohol
The "nanoflowers" were made from zinc oxide by Yujin Chen and colleagues at Harbin Engineering University. Conventional ethanol sensors are made from the same material and work by detecting the change in electrical resistance when a wad of zinc oxide powder or a layer of the material is exposed to ethanol vapour...
The sensor can detect ethanol at levels as low as about 50 parts per million, far more sensitive than is required for applications such as breathalysers. But for practical use, they need to be "doped" with platinum or gold to increase sensitivity even more a technique common in zinc oxide sensors
Bullet-proof, wearable computer
Small computer systems are already used by the US military for communications, navigation and reconnaissance. The new, ultra-tough computer system was constructed by Xybernaut, which currently makes compact wearable computers for use in the engineering and construction industries.
Prototype Xybernaut computers fitted with body armour have already been distributed to defence and law enforcement customers, the company says. The system was developed with leading US body armour company Second Chance
IMD Implantable Medical Devices programmable by remote, PDAs
And since Indian technology firms - Wipro, Infosys, Patni, HCL Technologies and Cognizant have strong capabilities in product design, R&D and support, they are developing expertise in developing implanted electronic devices drug pumps, monitors and delivery systems, cochlear implants, and neurostimulators. Analysts too claim there is a greater acceptance for implanted electronic devices as a mode for delivery therapy
nano-biotechnology. By coating a nano-sized machinesay, a silicon chip smaller than a human cellwith a lipid bilayer, the scientists could trick a human cell into talking to the machine, maybe even into taking orders from it. ....
Its authors predicted that in the next 10 to 20 years, nanotechnology would allow a broadband connection between the human brain and machines. It would enable new sports, art forms, and means of communication; allow the human body to resist stress, sleep deprivation, disease, and aging; and find ways to exploit the resources of the moon, Mars, or approaching asteroids. In short, nanotechnology will solve all the world's problems.
"It may be that humanity would become like a single, distributed and interconnected 'brain.'"
The European Commission and the German Parliament criticized
the U.S. report (called among nano-techies the Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno,
or NBIC report) for being overly futuristic without
considering societal and moral issues. In its own report, the
German Parliament noted its bias toward a pseudo-scientific
movement called transhumanism. Transhumanists believe
science, including nanotechnology, will help humans transcend
their mental and physical limitations, including pain and death.
"These ideas have bled into mainstream science technical thinking," says Nigel Cameron, director of the Center on Nanotechnology at the Chicago-Kent College of Law. Mr. Cameron works to bring together transhumanism's critics to voice their concerns. He cites the work of Kevin Warwick as one reason to take transhumanism seriously.
SpeckNetted Smart Dust
"Our world must already be flooded with specknetted smart dust. There is no privacy, certainly not in the audio range, and who knows if these things have other sensor capabilities?"
"This vision is of a future ubiquitous technological world, where grain-sized (ie millimetre cubed) semiconductor 'specks' or 'nodes' are invisibly distributed within our environments. Sensing, computing and communicating wirelessly, these tiny specks collaborate as programmable computational networks called 'specknets'.
According to Dr DK Arvind, Director of the Institute for Computing Systems Architecture at the University of Edinburgh and one of the UK's leading advocates of speckled computing, specks provide the possibility of seamless integration between the material and digital world.
Each speck has a sensor, its own processor and memory capability. This gives the specks a kind of 'computational aura', which can pick up information from the environment. Collaborating with other local specks, the data gathered is acted upon. Depending on the application, the specks can be programmed to read a variety of information. Working together the specks are powerful enough to create new forms of pervasive computing
Other important issues around speck-based computing are the ethical and social implications of pervasive technology."
Future Tecnologies ... Smart Dust on its way
A key beneficiary in building ubiquitous wireless networks will be software radios. Already in use in advanced military radios, and under development by MIT spin-off Vanu and others, software radios are certain to be here soon. These replace hard-wired radios with a computer processor and an antenna using software-based signal processing. . This means that a software radio can support different standards and can be upgraded. One device, for example, could be an FM receiver, a GPS receiver, a GSM cell phone or an 802.11 wireless network transceiver just by changing the software application it uses. It enables tremendous economies of scale which will make radio links cheap enough to put in pretty much anything.
3M, optical film and Bush
in the late 1990s using nanotechnology to create optical films for liquid crystal displays (LCD). In products ranging from cell phones to LCD televisions, displays using 3M's Vikuiti brand optical films are significantly brighter than those without optical films. Future applications include solar control for buildings
....one human hair equals 70,000 nanometers, and nanotechnology is in dimensions 100 times smaller than the human hair.
3 M and the new tech-economy
" President George W. Bush called on Congress to increase the number of visas for engineers and physicists and spend more on research and development.
"We must remain a flexible, technologically based economy," Bush said Thursday after touring a 3M plant in Maplewood, Minnesota. "Innovation is a vital part of the future of the United States of America."
Bush outlined proposals in his State of the Union address on Tuesday that he said would help keep the U.S. ahead of economic rivals such as China and India. He wants to spend $5.9 billion next year on what the administration calls the "American competitiveness initiative," with $4.6 billion of the money being used to extend a research tax credit that benefits companies like Microsoft and Boeing.
"If we don't do something about how to fill those high-technology jobs here, they'll go somewhere else," Bush said. (Bloomberg) IHT
IBM, Verichip partnership ( Austin, TX )
Sept. 8, 2005--VeriChip Corporation, a subsidiary of Applied Digital (NASDAQ: ADSX), a leading provider of identification and security technology, announced today that its implantable RFID healthcare system, VeriMed(TM), is now a component of the Hospital demonstration area of the IBM Solutions Experience Lab located in Austin, Texas. The IBM Solutions Experience Lab conducts approximately 260 tours annually for corporations and government agencies wishing to see demonstrations of functional, integrated hardware and software solutions for specific market sectors. The Hospital area demonstrates currently available technologies compatible with IBM healthcare solutions that provide integrated, state-of-the-art capabilities in the healthcare environment.
Nick Donofrio ; VP - IBM ...... bbc
IBM ... Nick Donofrio ( VP- IBM ) speaking at the Royal Academy of Engineering, England
"But change and innovation in technology that people will see affecting their daily lives, he says, will come about slowly, subtlety, and in ways that will no longer be "in your face". It will creep in pervasively.
Nanotechnologies will play a key part in this kind of pervasive environment in all sorts of ways, through new superconducting materials, to coatings, power, and memory storage.
"I am a very big believer in the evolution of this industry into a pervasive environment, in
an incredible network infrastructure," says Mr Donofrio.
People will not have to do anything to stay connected.
"Trillions of devices will be connected to the net in ways people will not know."
Natural interfaces will develop, devices will shape your persona,
Behind this vision should be a rich robust network capability and "deep computing", says Mr Donofrio.
Deep computing is the ability to perform lots of complex calculations on massive amounts of data, and integral to this concept is supercomputing
As computing and technologies become part of the environment, part of furniture, walls, and clothing, physical space becomes a more important consideration.
ultra-low wireless biosensor
The BNS system is based on a ground-breaking low-cost, disposable integrated sensor interface chip - the Sensium - that, due to its ultra low power and very small battery size, can be implanted in or worn on the body with complete freedom of movement unlike existing bulky monitoring solutions. The Sensium is compatible with a wide range of sensors and can be configured to detect vital signs such as ECG, blood oxygen and glucose, body temperature, and even motion and mobility. The BNS system is designed to enhance the way doctors and patients monitor a host of chronic illnesses, increasing the effectiveness of available treatments and improving the quality of life for patients.
MRAM , magnetic RAM
MRAM holds a huge opportunity with RFID. There's a lot of pressure from the Department of Defense and the Food and Drug Administration, who want more than just the initial 96 bits of information on a chip, to thousands and thousands of bits," Van Fleet said.
Unlike all other existing computer memories, which are based on storing electrical charge, MRAM stores information using nano-sized magnetic bits, each akin to a compass needle. A computer writes data into MRAM by flipping each bit's magnetic polarity, allowing data to be kept even when electrical power is removed.
Moreover, MRAM is resistant to radiation, unlike competing technologies such as flash memory.
"This makes it more usable for applications that deal with X-rays, such as with airline tags or military applications, or with the FDA, who requires tags that come with or inside a container or package for a pharmaceutical or a food product have to be irradiated," Van Fleet said.
Van Fleet thinks such printed chips will take 5 to 10 years to reach the market, but Dimmler predicts his company could have RFID tags printed with nanoparticles or polymers sooner -- demonstrating feasibility in 2006, pilot quantities by 2007 and commercial quantities in 2008.
Nano No-nos; a health hazard ( titanium dioxide, etc. metals )
Some of the new concerns center on metal-containing nano-materials such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Compounds like these have always been used as sunblocks -- the thick solid-colored lotions you see on lifeguards' noses -- but once mixed into the lotions at a nano level, they turn translucent. Scientists fear that if the metallic atoms in these lotions get into the body, they'll create free radicals and undergo oxidation reactions, literally pulling cells apart in a fashion similar to the way alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking destroy cells.
The Food & Drug Administration approved the products, as did the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic & Nonfood Products, which advises the European Commission. Don Marlow, agency standards administrator for the FDA, says that could change if further research proves otherwise, as is the case with all products, nano or not. "We would evaluate any new products on the basis of new information," he says. How big is the risk? Fairly small, according to current research. But truth is, no one really knows for sure.
One study from 2004 found that, when present in water, carbon structures called buckyballs slipped into the brains of large-mouth bass and killed cells.
Nanotechnology: The Science of Small Things
Nanotechnology, according to its fans, will jumpstart a new industrial revolution with molecular-sized structures as complex as the human cell and 100 times stronger than steel.
The new technology transforms everyday products and the way they are made by manipulating atoms so that materials can be shrunk, strengthened and lightened all at once.
Theory says it is all possible. A nano is a measurement of a billionth of a meter, or about the size of 10 hydrogen atoms. That translates into 1/80,000 the diameter of a human hair.
Aided by recent advances in microscopes, scientists can now place single atoms where they want for the first time. The potential applications are numerous, with microscopic computers, cancer-killing antennae and non-polluting car engines on the distant horizon.
Worldwide, the two industries with the potential to win big with nanotechnology are electronics and biotechnology, according to MIT researchers. On the biotech front, scientists are promoting the notion of nanoparticles made from gold that could be triggered remotely to heat and kill individual cancer cells.
From Bill Joy author of "Why the Future doesn't need us "
"I think it is no exaggeration to say we are on the cusp of the further perfection of extreme evil.... a terrible empowerment of extreme individuals"
Nanotechnology has the power to destroy all life on earth from a single speck ( smart dust / weaponized 'bugs')
Power over people.
Please also see.... arbitrary executions
Nano particules Invading Brain 80,000 times thinner than strand of hair; GE = manipulating invented chemical molecules
DNA Nano transistor
Scientists at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have harnessed the power of DNA to create a self-assembling nanoscale transistor.
The research, published in the Nov. 21, 2003 issue of Science, is a crucial step in the development of nanoscale devices, and is viewed as a major step towards developing nanoscale electronics. The advance points to a possible future method of creating the smallest-ever molecule-sized circuits.
Nanoscience and Illness -creating subdermal tattoos
Though it will have many uses, including industrial applications, Prof Birch highlighted the possibilities within so-called nanomedicine. He said: "The miniaturising of things means we are looking at the prospect, not too far down the line, of 'labs on a chip', where a sealed unit could be injected into a body and monitors, diagnoses and treats a specific condition.
"Take diabetes: detecting the glucose molecule that is
involved in the condition in the body is very difficult, and the
current methods of detection and treatment are very invasive and
painful - ie, pinpricks and syringes. "The idea
is that we could create a closed piece of technology inside the
body that could detect the presence of glucose, then say 'we need
to put out more insulin' - essentially self-medicating."
He [ John Pickup ] said: "Under lab conditions, we have made a molecule fluoresce when it comes into contact with glucose. What we hope to do using nanotechnology is create a tattoo incorporating these that could be implanted in a diabetic's skin. The blood would flow and would glow slightly when the patient started to become hypoglycaemic.