Hope To The End .................. All VeriChip - VeriPay
articles .........................sensors ................ mesh networking
Translation http://www.google.com/language_tools?hl=en (all languages)
pronounced "mu chip" or "mew" chip
Ideal for embedding in money, currency
MU Chip ( aka
"U CHIP" )
MM chip ............... multiband - microchip; multiband radio frequencies; global application.
Multi-band radio frequency .... applicable for currencies anywhere in the world.
also known as "Malaysian Microchip"
"MintChip uses a secure chip to hold electronic value and a protocol to transfer it from one chip to another. The emerging digital economy must be able to accommodate small-value transactions, such as micro transactions (under $10) and nano-transactions (under $1). The mint hopes that software developers and entrepreneurs will use MintChip to ignite trade and commerce for these very-low-value markets."
U CHIP (
"mew" chip) Powder for mesh networking
.15 by .15 mm ( 7.5 mcro thick )
The Japanese giant Hitachi has developed the world's smallest and thinnest Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chip. Measuring only 0.15 x 0.15 millimeters in size and 7.5 micrometers thick, the wireless chip is a smaller version of the previous record holder - Hitachi's 0.4 x 0.4 mm "Micro-Chip".
Nicknamed "Powder" or "Dust", these chips consist of 128-bit ROM (Read Only Memory) that can store a 38-digit number.
The SOI process also prevents the interference between neighboring devices, which often causes product malfunctions. Thanks to an insulator surrounding each device, Hitachi experts say that even when the devices are in close proximity, higher integration is achieved on an even smaller area.
The µ-Chip uses an external antenna to receive radio waves, which can be transformed and wirelessly transmitted as a unique ID number. The data is written during the fabrication process, using ROM, and is therefore non-rewritable, providing a high level of authenticity.
Hitachi is continuing to develop technologies that increase communication's distance range and decrease antenna size
Miniature RFID chips may also have advanced military applications such as smartdust. Smartdust is the concept of wireless MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) sensors that can detect anything from light and temperature to vibrations. Using a large amount of sensors is not a new concept
Professor Christopher Pister from UC Berkeley suggested in 2001 to create a new type of micro sensor that could theoretically be as small as a grain of sand. Research into this idea is ongoing and is being funded by DARPA (the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency). What was only a theoretical concept in 2001 has now become a reality with the latest development by Hitachi, and could find its way to intelligence agencies across the world.
Monitoring Shopping ( Ed; how you live: why, what ,how often, who .... of the minority report )
"and better information on consumer shopping habits."
What is a "U-chip " ? ( aka MU CHIP )
U - chip ; powder with tracking abilities ; also called "MU CHIP"
"American currency is not yet bugged, but it does have a special plastic security thread implanted in the bill. Hold a $20 bill up to the light and look for the plastic strip embedded in the paper; it runs vertically up one side of the note. The words "USA TWENTY" and a small flag are visible along the thread from both sides of the note; the security thread glows green under ultraviolet light.
These devices could also be used to identify and track people. For example, suppose you participated in some sort of protest or other organized activity. If police agencies sprinkled these tags around, every individual could be tracked and later identified at leisure, with powerful enough tag scanners
Memory SPOT Chip (no
rfid ) ; 512 KB of data
Ed: placed on drugs, money , any and all equipment ...endless applications
cost-effective way of adding short sound bytes to pictures. (be attached to almost any physical object to incorporate digital information. Patients could be supplied wristbands that hold their medical information or histories, packages could contain a chip that would store all the specifications of the product including user manuals, and official documents could contain a memory chip that would save an electronic version of their document.)
The memory spot chip is basically a miniature computer with onboard memory and wireless capability and is composed of six main parts: the processor, the memory and memory driver, the modem, the capacitor array, and the loop antenna. HP's engineers were able to squeeze all these parts into a chip smaller than a grain of rice (2 mm to 4 mm square). The chip's main purpose is to optimize the data flow and data storage of the chip.
The wireless capability of the new chip is unique and was developed to perform very specific tasks. When the chip was introduced, many were quick to compare it to Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology. Although there are similarities between the two, HP clearly stated that the memory spot will not replace RFID technology, but rather compliment it.
HP envisions cell phone companies adding the memory spot chip to their phones enabling a simpler, more convenient and much wider adaptation of the new memory spot technology. [ Ed: more surveillance of the masses ]
To learn more about HP's memory spot technology, TFOT recently interviewed Howard Taub, Vice President and Associate Director of HP Labs.
Q: How does the new chip differ from existing RFID chips and is it compatible with them?
A: The chip operates at 2.45 GHz (compared with 13.56 MHz for RFID) and has about 1000 times more storage capacity and 100-1000 times the data transfer rate. Its protocols are very different from RFID, so we will work with standards bodies on creating a new standard, or perhaps an extension of an existing one.
tags need to be read at a long range, typically around 10 feet. Memory spot chips are written and read within 1 mm of the spot.
Hitachi also makes the smallest
IC tags called "sensor tags"
or "powder rfid " for mesh networking
However, says Mike Sheriff, president and CEO of Airgate Technologies, the 0.4mm-square chip can be embedded into any object, including paper, and its 128 bits of memory can be used for trillions of unique IDs without duplication, making the µ-chip an attractive tool for authentication applications.
MU CHIP ... in MONEY ( "Micro - Chip" )
A New International Monetary System
Money-Microchip...embedded in global currencies with unique identifying number
Robert Mundell suggests a world currency --January 5, 2004
Robert Mundell, a nobel-prize winning economist, often credited with paving the way to the European single currency, has called for a global currency.
In an interview with French paper Libération, Mr Mundell said, "with the emergence of the euro and its instability against the dollar, Europe, the US and the Asian powers should come together and create a new international monetary system
It appears that back in July of 03 Hitachi tried to have a microchip embedded in the Euro. However the chip could not communicate in different radio frequencies, and as such the technology could not be applied to other currencies. In the meantime, IBM--- working with FEC of Japan---- developed the "MM" chip, which is being manufactured in Malaysia. It is a Multiband Microchip, and thus can be used in all currencies around the globe.
Please read Katherine Albrecht's comment below, of how threatening these microchips are.
Hitachi m-chip fixed reader ; 2.45 GHz- ; WJ Communications
The 2.45 GHz Hitachi "m-chip" was designed by Hitachi as an authentication inclusion for high value items susceptible to fraud such as counterfeiting or diversion
Hitachi America - the market leader for 2.45 GHz passive authentication [ Ed: embedded]
Hitachi microchip may become embedded in Euro notes by 2005 --July 2003
If embedded in the euro, the chips could make it possible to track information such as when and where transactions take place, according to Paul Lee of Deloitte Research in London.
RFID technology involves a minuscule chip and antenna, which would be implanted in the bank notes, and a reader similar to those used with bar codes, only much smaller, Lee said. Though it might be used simply to identify the note's serial number, it would also be possible to add more data.
"There is a worry in our field as to how these
things will be used, given the lack of coherent privacy
regulations," said Dan Moniz,
staff technologist for San Francisco's Electronic Frontier Foundation,
a digital watchdog organization.
The 12 nations that use the euro are Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Greece, Germany, France, Finland, Belgium and Austria (ed. note: Eurozone)
"This private data can be used against you," said Katherine Albrecht, founder and director of Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering. Albrecht said she shares EFF's concerns. "It will essentially eliminate the anonymity of cash." She outlined a nightmare scenario in which "it would be possible to track all the cash issued to an individual and invalidate it with a couple of keystrokes" -- a literal case of "your cash is trash."
Ischebeck said, the wear and tear bank notes undergo, such as accidentally being put through the washing machine or sitting for hours in the sun, is "not semiconductor-friendly."
Though the EFF's Moniz said he has no doubt the ECB is implanting RFIDs in euros simply to thwart counterfeiting and money laundering, "it's not a one-use technology. It opens the door to other things. We need to examine the possible scenarios and what we can do about them. Society needs to have a debate about this."
"MM" multiband- microchip... embedded in currencies... unique identifier
Multiband Microchip leads the way
In addition, it has a write-once capability that can store 32 bytes of data within its 0.25 sq mm area.
The chip is unique because it comes with an onboard antenna, which operates at the microwave frequency of 2.45GHz, with a readable distance of up to 3mm.
To increase its reading distance, the MM Chip has extra connectors for a 13.56MHz booster antenna and a 950MHz external antenna, which can achieve read distances of up to about 30cm and 50cm respectively. The detection range is from 1mm to 1.7m.
Japan's MM chip .... Toppan Forms, Kanazawa, FEC-, EPCglobal
Toppan Forms of Japan has developed the first RFID chip
that can operate at all frequencies from 13.56 MHz to 2.45 GHz.
Most governments around the world allow high-frequency RFID systems to operate at 13.56 MHz. But ultra-high frequency (UHF) systems range from 868 MHz in Europe to 915 MHz in the United States and 956 MHz in Japan. Some countries do not allow RFID systems to operate in the UHF band at all. Toppan's aim for its MM chip is to make it possible for companies to use tags that can be read anywhere, regardless of local regulations.
"This is the first chip that can literally be used in RFID transponders anywhere in the world," says Mitchell Shinozaki, general manager of Toppan Forms operations in the United States. "That opens up many applications. For instance, you could use it in airline baggage, and the tag could be read regardless of which frequencies are used in the countries the bag travels to."
The write-once passive chip measures 0.5 sq. mm and has 32 bytes of memory storage. The chip uses a proprietary method of communication between the tag and reader, so it cannot be read by EPC or ISO readers. Unlike most RFID chips, which are tuned to one frequency for reading and writing, the MM chip can be read by a special reader developed by Toppan using any frequency. Data is written to the chip using the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The MM chip can store an a 64-bit or 86-bit Electronic Product Code, and Shinozaki says the Auto-ID Lab in Tokyo, Japan, will propose that EPCglobal, the nonprofit organization set up to commercialize EPC technology, endorse the MM chip's communication specification as being EPC-compliant.
The MM chip will be available in commercial quantities this fall.
Shinozaki says the chip alone will sell for below 10 yen ( 9 U.S. cents )
Silicon.com says the chip "can replace barcode tags in retail goods, and can be inserted into the human body, animals, bullets, credit cards and other items for verification purposes."
The Malaysian Microchip is an RFIC, which stands for "radio frequency identication chip," able to use any of the different technical standards for RFICs adopted by Japan, the United States and Europe. It was designed by the Japanese company FEC, but that company now has a joint alliance with Malaysia to develop it.
The advantage to FEC is working with Malaysia is that Malaysia
needs the work, has the factories, and its political situation is
not conducive to the raising of objections by privacy rights
specialists. Malaysia was the first country to require
citizens to carry smart card I.D. cards embedded with chips, and
has had them for two years. http://pacific.bizjournals.com/pacific/stories/2003/10/06/daily1.html
Malaysia -- FEC chip
CYBERJAYA, Malaysia (AFP) - Malaysia has bought the rights from a Japanese firm to the world's smallest microchip that can be embedded in everything from currencies to human bodies and will boost the global anti-terror war, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said Thursday.
Mahathir said the revolutionary miniature chip, developed by Japan's FEC Inc., could be combined with current technology to "greatly prevent the possibilities of terrorist acts" as well as banknote and document counterfeiting.
The application is almost unlimited," he told a news conference after annual talks with global hi-tech chiefs at this town in Malaysia's Multimedia Super Corridor MSC), an enclave south of the capital Kuala Lumpur modeled after California's Silicon Valley.
"We think this is a great breakthrough for Malaysia. It is the first in the world. No other people have come up with such a tiny microchip, particularly as it also has a built-in antenna."
The veteran premier declined to reveal the cost for the project, dubbed MM or Malaysian Microchip. http://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story2&cid=1509&u=/afp/20030904/tc_afp/malaysia_japan_it_chip_030904150007&printer=1
Multiband Microchip has antenna in it
(unlike other microchips available now and can be used for health and security)
Embedded in currencies
"Malaysia has bought the rights from a Japanese firm to the world's smallest microchip that can be embedded in everything from currencies to human bodies and will boost the global anti-terror war, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said Thursday.
Mahathir said the revolutionary miniature chip, developed by Japan's FEC Inc., could be combined with current technology to "greatly prevent the possibilities of terrorist acts" as well as banknote and document counterfeiting.
"With the need for greater security at airports and other
transport terminals the current security level provided by
available systems is insufficient," Mahathir said.
"The application is almost unlimited," he told a news conference after annual talks with global hi-tech chiefs at this town in Malaysia's Multimedia Super Corridor MSC), an enclave south of the capital Kuala Lumpur modeled after California's Silicon Valley"
FEC (M) Sdn. Bhd. chief executive Kunioki Ichioka told reporters that the chip can also be inserted into the human body, animals, bullets, credit cards and other items for verification purposes, and can replace price bar codes used to tag products.
Earlier, he was quoted by the Malay-language Utusan Malaysia as saying that the chip would cut the production cost of Malaysia's national "smart identity card" from seven ringgit to one ringgit.
Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, who will takeover from Mahathir, earlier this week said the MSC had achieved much success.
But investment in the MSC has recently picked up pace with British banking group HSBC and Sweden's telecoms firm Ericsson launching regional centres in the zone in July.
Costs ten cents
The made-in-Malaysia microchip measuring 0.5 mm X 0.5 mm--the size of a decimal point--uses the radio frequency identification (RFID) chip technology, and costs US$0.10 (0.38 ringgit) each to produce.
Multi-band RFID chip : applicable globally
"The MM is a multi-band RFID chip, which means that it would also be usable in the US and Europe, which have adopted a different RFID frequency standard from that in Japan, FEC officials said in the report.
Japanese firms are at the forefront of RFID technology. Hitachi, for example, is rumoured to be developing a speck-sized radio chip to be embedded into Euro currency notes as a security measure. At a recent Japan trade show, a demonstration of RFID technology allows retailers to track the movements of a consumer in a book store. "http://silicon.com/news/500022/14/5926.html
New US $20 Bill has embedded chip in it
From Raider's News Service: http://www.raidersnewsupdate.com/raidersjournal.htm
Chips, Chips, Everywhere: Even the New US $20 Has a Chip In It
The image of the seventh US president, Andrew Jackson, still adorns the front, albeit in an amended form. And the back of the bill - said to be harder to fake and easier to check - still has a picture of the White House together with the words "In God We Trust". But there is a new plastic security strip embedded in the note...more http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3176848.stm
From Google news:
More colorful $20 bill
Fort Lauderdale Sun Sentinel, FL - Sep 30, 2003
... Twenty-dollar bills make up 46.4 percent, or $6.3 billion ... The bank also replaced a
computer chip in its currency ... so that the device would recognize the new bill. ...
Microchips printed on paper
A Swedish company called Cypak has come up with some technology that allows it to print computer chips, sensors, switches, and short-range antennas on a piece of paper.
Cypak's technology is being used in "Electronic Compliance Packaging" (EPC) for drug trials. The label on the pack of pills is made using EPC; every time a patient takes one of the pills the EPC records the date and time stamp, and the user is also audibly asked questions about how he or she feels, responding yes or no by pressing a button on the packaging. Drug companies are interested in this approach as it allows them to see if patients take their medication on time and provides a record (however simplistic) of how they feel over the course of the prescription.
Be sure to read the comments below the article for greater insights
US Dollars and Paper Chips (12:56pm EST Tue Feb 04 2003)
Imagine if the US Treasury department put one of these paper RF tracking-chips into each and every new dollar bill. ($1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100 bills included.) This RF tracking chip would greatly help fight cash fraud, e.g. money laundering, and could help the Feds better analyze the flow of cash through our own economy.
Imagine the benefits this technology could bring to our society. - by FreezeBrothers
some what creepy (2:58pm EST Tue Feb 04 2003)
does that mean they can make a ccd out of paper? it's a form of a chip. create wall paper - just a sheet of paper and watch everything?
i would love to know how this all works - and of course would water kill it? would crunching the paper kill it? will cracker people put them in the lid so they can trackhow many times a box was opened or left opened?
sounds neat, but a bit creepy at the same time - by mike savad
Thanks, but no thanks. (7:59am EST Wed Feb 05 2003)
While this is a great idea on "paper," it literally begs for abuse. How many times will these new chips be accidentally included in the wrong purchase or get programmed to track something they're not suppose to track? "Oops, it was just a typo," will be the excuse.
Unfortunately, this idea will probably catch on and be a mainstay in everything we purchase. One thing for sure, every time I purchase something I'll be destroying each paper chip that the manufacturer "thoughtfully" included "for my own protection" and "to better serve me." Too many chances for abuse. - by Butch-da-Man
Cypak applications http://www.cypak.com/index.php?a=applications&page=applications
Radio ID tags may track banknotes by Winston Chai
"RFID (radio frequency identification) tags also have the ability of recording information such as details of the transactions the paper note has been involved in. It would, therefore, also prevent money-laundering, make it possible to track illegal transactions and even prevent kidnappers demanding unmarked bills," Chopra said.
RFID tags are microchips half the size of a grain of sand. They listen for a radio query and respond by transmitting their unique ID code. Most RFID tags have no batteries: They use the power from the initial radio signal to transmit their response.
Besides acting as a digital watermark,
the use of radio chips could speed up routine bank processes such
as counting. With such tags, a stack of notes can be passed
through a reader and the sum added in a split second, similar to
how inventory is tracked in an RFID-based system.
U.S. security plans threatens EU privacy-watchdog
Hitachi's "mu" chip
Embedded in bank notes or designer labels, the mu-chip can beep out the owner's location
and details to marketers and thieves alike
The Hitachi chip is the world's smallest wireless identification device. It measures 0.4 millimetres square and is thin enough to be embedded in paper. It can hold only 128 bits of read-only memory, and do little more than spit out a unique identification number, when asked, to a distance of about 30 centimetres. It uses the same frequency band (2.45 gigahertz) as such longer-range wireless networking technologies as Bluetooth and 802.11b. But with the mu-chip's tiny size come some large implications.....
The tiny Hitachi chip, however, could feed a number of privacy concerns. Although the chip now requires a separate machine to read it, future incarnations will doubtless be able to communicate wirelessly. Embedded in cash, central banks could monitor the flow of paper money, determining who has spent what and wherea function that credit cards already perform. Identity chips could even be embedded in valuables, so that they could be tracked in case of theft.
Euro bank notes with smallest non contact chip
reads 128 character bits
Hitachi has announced a tiny (0.4mm square) chip that has 128 bits of ROM on it (just enough for a nice unique ID) and responds wirelessly on 2.45GHz. So you can embed it in money, clothing, animals, people etc. and a wireless device can read the item's unique ID
The number is written to the chip during the silicon fabrication process and cannot be changed. The current mu-chip can be read from about a foot away (30 cm). The new version is expected to maintain the same performance standards.
Enabling electronic information on networks and information on anywhere and anytime with assurance, thus making new service