Hope To The End ...... DNA page two
dna biochip www.physorg.com
DNA ... hot case
DNA, MEMS, Nanotechnology
DNA toppling Evolution
the Newswire: Fair educational use
UK: Blair wants ALL citizens in DNA bank
The use of the new powers has proved controversial. Earlier this month, The Daily Telegraph reported that a grandmother who was arrested after a dispute with a neighbour was required to give a DNA sample. The case was later dropped for lack of evidence but her DNA will remain on the database.
The UK has the largest database in the world and is drawing attention from countries throughout Europe keen to learn from its experience.
Damian Green, the Conservative's home affairs spokesman, accused Mr Blair of making "policy on the hoof" without thinking through the implica
Every American's DNA Registered in vast databank
Brimming with the genetic patterns of more than 3 million Americans, the nation's databank of DNA "fingerprints" is growing by more than 80,000 people every month, giving police an unprecedented crime-fighting tool but prompting warnings that the expansion threatens constitutional privacy protections.
Now some in law enforcement are calling for
* a national registry of every American's DNA profile, *
against which police could instantly compare crime-scene specimens. Advocates say the system would dissuade many would-be criminals and help capture the rest
But opponents say that the growing use of DNA scans is making suspects out of many law-abiding Americans and turning the "innocent until proven guilty" maxim on its head.
"These databases are starting to look more like a surveillance tool than a tool for criminal investigation," said Tania Simoncelli of the American Civil Liberties Union in New York
In particular, it is about the limits of the Fourth Amendment, which protects people from being swept into criminal investigations unless there is good reason to suspect they have broken the law.
Once someone's DNA code is in the federal database, critics say, that person is effectively treated as a suspect every time a match with a crime-scene specimen is sought -- even though there is no reason to believe that the person committed the crime
Such concerns are amplified by fears that, in time, authorities will try to obtain information from stored DNA beyond the unique personal identifiers.
"Genetic material is a very powerful identifier, but it also happens to carry a heck of a lot of information about you," said Jim Harper, director of information policy at the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank in Washington concerned about DNA database trends.
Even more controversial are DNA dragnets, which snare many people for whom there is no evidence of guilt. Given questions about whether such sweeps can be truly voluntary -- "You know that whoever doesn't participate is going to become a 'person of interest,' " said Rose of the ACLU -- some think they violate the Fourth Amendment
In one of many errors documented by Thompson, a years-old crime-scene specimen was found to match the DNA from a juvenile offender, leading police to suspect the teenager until they realized he was a baby at the time of the crime. The teenager's blood, it turned out, had been processed in the lab the same day as an older specimen was being analyzed, and one contaminated the other.
"A universal database will bring us more wrongful arrests and possibly more wrongful convictions," said Simoncelli of the ACLU.
Under the broad-ranging bill, DNA profiles provided voluntarily, for example, in a dragnet, would for the first time become a permanent part of the national database. People arrested would lose the right to expunge their samples if they were exonerated or charges were dropped. And the government could take DNA from citizens not arrested but simply detained.
NYC Mayor Bloomberg wants DNA database on workers
Republican Mayor Michael Bloomberg thrust himself into the national immigration debate Wednesday, advocating a plan that would establish a DNA or fingerprint database to track and verify all legal U.S. workers
Bloomberg compared his proposed federal identification database to the Social Security card, insisting that such a system would not violate citizens' privacy and was not a civil liberties issue.
The mayor said DNA and fingerprint technology could be used to
create a worker ID database that will "uniquely identify the
person" applying for a job, ensuring that cards are not
illegally transferred or forged.
Donna Lieberman, director of the New York Civil Liberties Union, said a DNA or fingerprint database "doesn't sound like the free society we think we're living in."
"It will inevitably be used not just by employers but by law enforcement, government agencies, schools and all over the private sector," she said.
We are accelerating efforts to develop the next generation of vaccine technology,'' McClellan said yesterday. ``That means using cell-based techniques versus the egg-based, because we believe that if we can move to the cell-based technique, we have the manufacturing capacity to be able to mass produce that vaccine quickly.''
Their technique: extract just a few genes from the virus and inject it into people.
The nascent technology, called DNA vaccines, is a form of gene therapy that proponents argue is the best way to overhaul a 50-year-old vaccine manufacturing system
Most government and big pharma efforts on the influenza vaccine front are doing one thing new: They're seeking to shave a few weeks off the process by trading in the chicken eggs for mammal cells, the standard brewing technique used to make biotechnology drugs
Under the current system, the three flu bug versions that are expected to be the coming season's most prevalent strains are injected in chicken eggs to multiply before undergoing a long process of inactivation, sterilization and packaging
Flu also is the only vaccine made fresh every year because the virus mutates so rapidly. Because vaccines are biological products, not chemicals, they can't be cranked out quickly in times of need
DNA vaccines were first introduced about 10 years ago as a possible treatment for a variety of diseases, from AIDS to cancer. They worked great in mice, but largely failed to work in humans because the injected genes did not find their way into the cells
Vijay Samant, chief executive of Vical Inc. in San Diego, said those initial problems have been overcome and his company is testing DNA vaccines in cancer and AIDS patients to battle those diseases
PowderMed overcame the problem of getting the flu's DNA to cells that need to be tricked into thinking the body has been infected with flu by coating the flu's genetic material with microscopic gold particles and shooting it into skin cells at the speed of sound, said PowderMed's chief scientist Dr. John Beadle
National DNA Database CODIS
The measure, which has drawn fire from civil libertarians, has passed the U.S. House. It would represent a dramatic expansion of the nation's DNA database, which has about 2.6 million genetic profiles. So far, database efforts have focused mostly on collecting DNA from those convicted of serious crimes, so the profiles can be compared with DNA found in blood, semen and other biological evidence from crime scenes
Supporters of the Senate bill say it would improve the ability of
the national database known as the Combined DNA Index System, or CODIS to help solve crimes. Since 1991, CODIS computers have matched DNA profiles in the database to those from crime scenes in more than 27,000 cases, the FBI says.
Federal DNA Database
Microarrays are silicon chips that contain tightly ordered selections of genetic material upon which sample material can be tested. When DNA bases from a sample bind to complementary sequences on the microarray, they cause fluorescent tags to shine under laser light. This is a signal that a particular gene variation is present in the sample.
We can test DNA from peripheral blood and from the tumor, and we should see a loss of signal in the cancer, said Dr. Fortina. He noted that the researchers can simultaneously evaluate seven chromosomal regions known to be involved in neuroblastoma
Scientists call for Global DNA database
He said new laws affecting decisions on whose DNA information was entered into the criminal database also concerned him. Previously only people convicted of a recordable offence went on the database. Now, "if you are taken to a police station in the context of a police investigation, the police have a right to demand a DNA test from you, and that profile will go on the database and stay there. That is a potentially serious infringement of civil liberties."
Another area the police are interested in is rummaging around in DNA variation that tells you about the physical appearance of a person - ethnic origin, hair colour, eye colour, stature, facial appearance," he said. "I regard that as a massive infringement of genetic privacy."
On a more positive note, he described how making DNA fingerprints would become easier and cheaper. "There's a great deal of talk about a lab on a chip," he said. "People are now looking at ... miniaturising the whole process."
Speeding up DNA fingerprinting would lead to many new applications, not least in security. Instead of typing in a credit card pin number at the supermarket, people might just give a DNA sample. Spitting on a DNA testing chip at the checkout, he joked, might be the way people pay for their groceries in future.
Labs selling DNA assestments
monitor = control
SEATTLE - The boxes arrive in the mail by the dozens each day and are stacked in neat rows in the laboratory. Inside are swabs of the inside cheek, drops of blood, material that the senders hope will give them a peek at the life they have been dealt by their genes.
Over the next few weeks, Genelex Corp. technician Dascena Vincent and her colleagues here will conduct what they call a nutritional genetic assessment, analyzing the DNA samples for certain deficiencies.
Problems in the genes that handle dietary fats? That could put you at risk for heart disease. Trouble with those that help rid your body of toxins like smoke? Cancer could be an issue later in life. And how about those associated with metabolizing vitamin D? Be watchful for signs of deteriorating bone strength.
Based on the findings, the company provides recommendations on diet, lifestyle changes and categories of medications that might work best for an individual. Depending on how many tests the customer has ordered, the bill -- which typically isn't covered by insurance -- could be $400 or more.
The critics emphasize that there's no clear research that shows the tests are any better at predicting future health problems than a simple survey of family history combined with ordinary lab workups.
The human body's blueprint is made up of between 20,000 and 25,000 genes. Every person has two copies of each gene, one inherited from each parent. Genelex's nutrition test looks at 19 of these pairs, most of which are involved in how the body handles substances such as vitamins.
DNA Verification -- ChoicePoint; CODIS; Database Technologies
DNA BioChips ; eBiochip Systems
Frauenhofer, Siemens and Infineon
Infineon is working on incorporating the electronic DNA biochips in very powerful desktop devices for diagnostics applications. This will enable complex DNA analyses to be carried out in medical practices, hospitals and other medical institutions faster and more cost-effectively than in the past.
The Bode Technology Group performs DNA testing and identification analysis on a daily basis for federal and state agencies, as well as commercial firms.
The Bode Technology Group provides DNA testing and identification using short tandem repeats (STRs), a proven technology that is widely accepted in the laboratory and courtroom. In addition, Bode offers forensic analysis of DNA evidence, evidence handling, pre-trial assistance, expert witness testimony dna testing and mitochondrial DNA sequencing.
Europol and DNA
European nations to harmonize their legal systems, DNA records, biometric travel documents and residence permits.
They also called for the European Community's police agency, Europol, to get a significant increase in resources and technology, and for national police forces to coordinate their investigations of terrorist networks.
The meeting, the fifth in a series bringing together Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain, was led by Britain's home secretary, David Blunkett
Schily also said there ought to be "a pooling of information" in Europe so that police can have access to each other's national fingerprint, forensic and other databases.
"Europol should be given extra powers in that area," he added.
Asked if a global DNA database might be on the horizon, Blunkett replied: "I think it's possible. But we have to act together in Europe first in order to ask other people to cooperate with us."
Blunkett also predicted a "massive expansion" in the use of DNA evidence over the next five years.
Bode Technologies http://www.bodetech.com/
ChoicePoint ... leading provider of identification and credential verification services
ProID Voice .... a unique service that can authenticate consumers' identities before granting them access to sensitive personal information via the telephone
"ProID Voice offers businesses a unique service that can authenticate consumers' identities before granting them access or privileges only available to a consumer whose identity has been authenticated."
In a White Paper published last year the Government asked the Human Genetics Commission and the National Screening Committee to consider the case for
screening every baby at birth and storing their genetic profile for future use.
The study has been given £3 million by the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council to collect the DNA from 25 thousand parents and children and build up immortalised cell lines.
ALSPAC now has the biggest DNA bank from a carefully studied general population anywhere in the world.
As an increasing number of diseases are linked to particular genes or gene sequences, we will be able to target and tailor treatment better to offset their impact and even to avoid the onset of ill-health many years in advance."
DNA VERIFICATION ..... Germany's Infineon (IFX )
A Whole New World of Chips
Innovative packaging can even spur offbeat demand for chips. Applied Digital Solutions (ADSX ) in Palm Beach, Fla., coats its RFID (radio frequency identification) chips for humans with a so-called bio-bond material that creates scar tissue when the chip is injected into a person's upper arm. Thus, the chip remains embedded in muscle and doesn't migrate through the body, says Scott Silverman, ADS's chairman and CEO.
AIRBORNE SENSORS. Chipmakers are experimenting with plenty of other ideas. Infineon is already selling chips that can help diagnose diseases or be used to verify DNA in crime investigations. It uses a special process to create
1 million pores, each one-tenth the diameter of a human hair, on a piece of silicon that's one centimeter square. Once blood is applied to the chip, genes that the test is intended to spot bind to DNA strands attached to the pores' walls, says Infineon's Weber. ......
Farfetched? You bet. But the most adventuresome chip innovators have already learned that "there are no boundaries to imagination," says Chuck Byers, director of worldwide brand management at Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing (TSM ). It's an attitude that could lead to record revenues for chipmakers, higher sales for electronics makers, and, for consumers, a better quality of life.
DNA and microchip
The final death toll may change slightly, "but if we match the DNA tests of the dead and their relatives, we will likely find that the missing people are the unidentified dead," he said.
This is the world's first such integrated operation using the world's best and latest technology and specialist expertise from all over the world," said Australian police Inspector Jeff Emery, who heads up the DVI information centre.
Israelis develop DNA Computer --molecular computer
"It is decades off, but future generations of DNA computers could function as doctors inside cells," researcher Ehud Shapiro of Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science told Nature.
Dr. Mauro Ferrari, a specialist in nanotechnology (building products atom by atom) at the National Cancer Institute, said of the research: "The concept is to build something that does not require intervention by a doctor. ... This is very exciting. ... It could allow the killing of cancer at a very, very early stage."
Advocates say the biocomputers could do the work of physicians by diagnosing disease within cells as well as dispensing drugs as required.
Instead of being controlled by silicon chips and electrical circuits, the molecular, or so-called DNA computer, harnesses DNA strands to store information. The researchers stress that DNA can store a huge amount of information.
They point out that the computer power of 1 trillion compact discs could be stored in less than an ounce of dried DNA. Because billions of the computers can be packed into a single drop of water, they could fit easily inside a human cell, Mr. Shapiro said.
When the computer detects abnormal RNA, it releases an anticancer drug, also made of DNA, which interfere with a cancer cell's activities, causing it to self-destruct.
"Cold Case" and DNA
Templar and Homeland Security
Take everyone's DNA fingerprint
Everybody in Europe and the US should have their genetic fingerprints entered into an international database to enable law enforcement agencies to fight crime and terrorism in an unstable world, according to James Watson, the co-discoverer of the DNA double helix.
James Watson wants DNA Databases
DNA fingerprinting http://www.dailynews.lk/2004/09/14/editorial.html
Universal DNA database
DNA VERIFICATION ..... Germany's Infineon (IFX )
A Whole New World of Chips--Jan. 21, 2004
Ed. Note: They never say "VeriChip" or "VeriPay" in the following article.
Will the chip receive the NAME of the ac beast ?
The number-mark of the ac beast's name is mentioned four times in the Book of Revelation :
"And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the
name of the beast, or the number of his name.
Revelation 14:11 " and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name"
Revelation 15:2 --"the number of his name."
Japans largest credit card issuer and acquirer JCB has introduced a fingertip blood vessel pattern authentication
system that combines payment authentication with access control.
The multifunctional system is designed to allow residents to open doors and pay for purchases by placing one finger in an
The VA blood vessel authentication technology is developed by domestic supplier Bionics. According to the company, blood
vessel patterns are genetically determined, and are unique to the individual.
The authentication process is relatively simple; one finger is placed in the reader and an image of the blood vessel pattern is
taken by CCD camera under infrared light. This image is compared with a pre-enrolled pattern for identification.
Mr. Omoto, executive vice president and general manager of JCBs Advanced Technologies Department, commented: JCB
is actively engaging in efforts to integrate biometrics technology into payment systems. We have already announced
an initiative for using fingerprint authorisation devices in mobile phones, and the launch of this payment system using finger
blood vessel pattern authentication is our next advance. In order to maintain a high rate of progress we will be continuing
to integrate advanced technology with payment systems.
FDA proposes bar codes to prevent medical mistakes
Chip is for security, financial ID and safety
The Company has advised the FDA it is not marketing the VeriChip as a medical device or for medical applications. At the same time, the Company has begun marketing efforts for VeriChip for security, financial, and identification/safety applications pursuant to the FDA's October 17, 2002 ruling that VeriChip is not a regulated medical device for those applications.
Another opinion from Dr. Joseph Mercola