Hope To The End................... Chip Index .........................rfid

Contactless Chips; Proximity chips (" rfid chips on steroids" ) ISO 14443 PASSIVE rfid ;
read by sensors

ISO 14443 global standardization means that all rfid that comply will
work with wireless mobility.
This increases interoperability and therefore greatly enhances control over the masses.
The contactless chips contain more information and biometrics on their chip, than do ordinary rfid tags.
Since this eliminates swiping, we can see how the right hand ( or forehead) will use an
ISO14443
passive rfid chip for rapid response within the System.



www.ask.fr

Contactless Tracking is something the System does --- often times without the citizen knowing he is being tracked by
a scanner ( an interrogator ) .
Contactless chips, or proximity chips, give the System more control, and the citizen less -- or no -- control.

The subdermal 666 Mark of the Beast is a contactless -- or proximity chip ;
contactless by a few inches.


More info www.contactlessnews.com and http://www.thefeature.com/main

From the Newswire

Barclaycard : contactless payment; proximity payment
Ed: Paving the way for Verichip
"Britain's biggest card provider plans to upgrade 1m customers to its contactless technology and introduce special terminals at an additional 9,000 shops by the end of the year."
The microchip allows customers to pay for goods without having to remove the card from their wallet or purse. Jenkins said it had proved particularly attractive to "time poor" commuters by speeding up the purchase of smaller items such as newspapers, sandwiches and coffees. Barclaycard is the only credit card in Britain to offer the service
If I had said 10 years ago that you couldn't pay with a cheque at the supermarket, you wouldn't have believed me. That is now the reality, and we see plastic cards going the same way." ( Ed: Obviously the scanned right hand or forehead is on the horizon ) .
He said: "Once you put the payment service together with an electronic device there are all sorts of possibilities."
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/main.jhtml?xml=/money/2008/09/07/cnbarclay107.xml

Barclaycard
"several thousand independent retailers in signing up to contactless in a drive to provide customers with a fast, simple and secure method of paying. Further big name retailers will be unveiled by Barclaycard in the next few months.
..."our continuing commitment to innovation, making payments simpler for our customers and, ultimately, changing the way they pay for things.
...."without having to enter a PIN" ..... "and it won't be long before most of Britain is using contactless. "
http://www.easier.com/view/Finance/Credit_Cards/News/article-200880.html

Untapped Capabilities
Antony Jenkins, chief executive of Barclaycard, said: ""The chips on credit cards now have incredible untapped capability, but the plastic around the chip limits its potential."Take the plastic away and the possibilities are endless. [ Ed: meaning, to place in the right hand or forehead ]
"In time you won't have to carry a plastic credit card around with you if you don't want to....
http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/Technology/Barclaycard-Invests-In-Contactless-Payment-Systems/Article/200809215095294?lpos=Technology_2&lid=ARTICLE_15095294_Bar
claycard%2BInvests%2BIn%2BContactless%2BPayment%2BSystems

Proximity Sensors
New Capacitance-to-Digital Converter (CDC) and iSensor™ Motion Sensing Devices
MUNICH, Germany--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Analog Devices Inc. (NYSE: ADI) is expanding its capacitance-to-digital converter (CDC) and iSensor™ intelligent sensor families with new devices that deliver a combination of high sensitivity, low power, low cost and small size for sensing applications.
Leveraging ADI’s [ Ed: Analog-Devices] industry-leading capacitance technology, the AD7150 delivers a complete signal processing solution for proximity sensors, offering important features such as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), adaptive environmental calibration, small package, low power consumption and fast response time.

Unlike existing solutions that use optical sensors, which can be unreliable and power hungry, the AD7150 consumes just 90 ľA, resulting in a 70 percent power savings. The AD7150 is ideal for use in portable and battery-powered products in automotive, industrial and even consumer applications, such as entry and security systems, remote detection and contact-less switches.
highly sensitive proximity sensor systems that provide consistent detection every time.
http://www.measurementdevices.com/index.php?name=News&file=article&sid=690

American Express Cards respond to sensors
NEW YORK (Reuters) - American Express on Monday said it will begin issuing credit cards that are waved in front of a sensor to make payments, following plans announced by JPMorgan Chase & Co. in May to introduce a similar credit card technology
The new card payment technology is similar to a contactless system now used by customers at many Exxon Mobil Corp. [ Ed: key fobs ]
gas stations.
The gas station's payment card has a miniature transponder that is attached to a customer's key chain and is waved in front of an electronic reader at pumps and checkout counters. A credit card or check card designated by the customer is then charged for the purchases.
http://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=581&e=3&u=/nm/20050606/tc_nm/financial_americanexpress_dc rms

What is FeliCa ? 13.56 MHz ELECTROMAGNETIC ( rfid IC platform plus electromagnetic Reader / Writer Carrier )
Multi-Application "areas" and "services" ( compartmentalized )
http://www.sony.net/Products/felica/abt/dvs.html -- must see graphics
FeliCa is a contactless IC ( Integrated Circuit ) card technology developed by Sony.
As the name stemming from the word "felicity" suggests, the system was born to make daily living easier and more convenient.
The card is difficult to forge/reconstruct, and allows to send/receive data at high speed and with high security. The system is also environment-friendly since the card can be used over-and-over virtually forever by
rewriting the data.
It also features ultimate user-ease, as would be expected from a contactless card, since there is no longer any need to retrieve and put away the card for every use.
All-in-all, the system is rational throughout, since one card is enough to provide for various purposes.
http://www.sony.net/Products/felica/
http://www.sony.net/Products/felica/contents02.html

Octopus Card ( no coins )
"Sammy Kam: RFID and contactless smart cards share the same basic technology—you have a small chip with an antenna that serves two purposes: one is to communicate with the reader using radio frequency, and the other is to create just enough power to power the chip for processing. RFID is basically for identification: the reader will check the ID of the chip and send that info to a back-end system for processing.
But contactless smart cards have more functions:
you can write information into the chip, and you have built-in security functions."

One technology currently under development is near field communication, or NFC—it’s a joint venture between Sony and Philips. It links two electronic devices like a card with a mobile phone—it’s like Bluetooth but requires closer proximity, about 10 centimeters. The standard is compatible with contactless smart cards, and will allow users—in the near future—to use a compatible phone and SIM card like an Octopus card. It’s being used now in Japan
so we designed the system to accommodate future capabilities"
Who are your competitors?
Kam: Number one?
Cash. It’s still the dominant form of payment and has been around for centuries
http://www.infoworld.nl/idgns/bericht.phtml?id=002570DE00740E1848257147002213CE

The latest encoding adheres to American Banking Association standards, meaning that the ID cards could one day be used as ATM cards
http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/archives/2004/04/07/news/10172.shtml

MiFare PROX
Featuring industry standard open protocols on both the contact and contactless interface, MIFARE PROX meets the requirements of financial applications and delivers the flexibility and security to support multiple applications and service providers on a single card IC ranging from banking, e-commerce, e-government, e-business, ID card and biometric applications to electronic ticketing and other contactless services
Its contactless interface is fully in line with ISO 14443A, the standard for contactless smart cards, and delivers fast transaction times,
http://mifare.net/products/mifare_prox.asp

Mi
Fare DesFire ... MiFare with preprogrammed software
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIFARE

If you like privacy, beware of RFID
http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050611/OPINION/506110305/1002

Pennsylvania: all contactless vending machines
http://www.eweek.com/article2/0,1759,1825324,00.asp

USA Technologies
http://www.usatech.com/

AIR ID ... Air Interface "prince of the power of the air"
prox card ( proximity ) contactless hooked to PCs
" AIR ID is the name of the product line that supports the 13.56 Mhz contactless technology, specifically HID’s iClass platform. It is designed to meet its customers' needs for multi-application solutions. The reader enables
cashless vending, biometrics, time and attendance, alarm system control, process control, PC log-on, mag-stripe emulation, and point-of-sale terminals. It also allows users to leverage their existing access control system while upgrading to new applications and technologies, leading to just one card for employee ID, PC access, and vending. For non-access control applications, the AIR ID reader can read or write to any application area on an HID iCLASS credential, said Mr. Giliniecki.
http://www.contactlessnews.com/library/2005/05/24/rf-ideas-enables-use-of-prox-and-contactless-cards-for-logon-payment-and-legacy-id/

Let's "blink lunch"
....... and the anatomy of waiting
We believe these innovative cards with blink will provide merchants and cardmembers with the increased speed and convenience they want at the point-of-sale," said Carter Franke, chief marketing officer of Chase Card Services, the company's credit card division. "In the future, Chase cards with blink will also allow us to reward cardmembers at the point-of-sale and provide merchants and our cobrand partners with an opportunity to build even stronger customer loyalty programs."
Beginning with the first market, Chase will launch a fully integrated marketing and advertising campaign to help educate and excite local consumers and cardmembers about Chase cards with blink. The local campaigns will encourage cardmembers to "blink lunch," "blink a drink" or "blink a movie" by bringing to life how the card works at many local area merchants.

The most significant timesavings can be realized in the drive-thru environment, where transaction time was reduced by as much as 20 seconds as compared to cash. Consumers also liked the convenience of not carrying cash for everyday purchases, meaning they no longer needed to fumble around for change and small bills, or be confined by the cash in their purses or wallets.
http://www.contactlessnews.com/news/2005/05/23/contactless-payments-in-a-blink/
Chase Bank Blink www.chaseblink.com/national.

Privacy concerns over contactless ID card
Eight companies are vying to produce the new passports, including Axalto, a French company with a manufacturing facility in Owings Mills, Md. [ Ed : Where the VeriChip Registry-Database is located ] All of the companies are developing and testing technology under standards developed by the United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization. The standards would allow other countries to develop the same kind of passports and visas, said Kelly Shannon, a spokeswoman for the State Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs.
Those standards require that the tags can be decoded only by readers no more than 4 inches away.
The tags are in heavy use, with 20 billion smart card units shipped around the globe last year, Vanderhoof said. They are being tested for other uses, such as for access to computer systems that require user names and passwords--a potential relief for workers who cannot remember passwords that can change every 90 days, and the operators who manage those systems
http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/chi-0505310005may31,1,591808.story?coll=chi-business-hed

Electronic contactless passport border control
 
The system is able to read and validate the holder of the new electronic passports in accordance with standards now being introduced in many countries around the world. The verification demonstrator optionally takes the facial, fingerprint or
iris information stored in a contactless ePassport and verifies against the person standing in the gate.   Precise Biometrics' subsystem verifies the identity of that person against the contactless passport presented to the system. ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
"Our range of ImmSec gates are designed to make use of the new ePassports or other electronic ID cards containing biometrics as in Simplified Passenger Travel schemes. We are delighted to work with Precise Biometrics on this specific exhibition for the IFSEC trade fair."
http://www.secureidnews.com/weblog/2005/05/19/precise-biometrics-introduces-first-multibiometric-verification-station/

e-passports
Promoters of advanced contactless technologies, like Gemplus of France - which is making e-passports for Singapore, Denmark, Sweden and Norway - say it can safeguard data because the chip uses software that must give confirmation before any data are transferred. Another solution being floated is to render e-passports more secure by issuing them with a metallic lining that makes skimming more difficult

Privacy advocates and conspiracy theorists, however, say the only reason a government would use a contactless chip that at best saves about 10 seconds per scan is to keep tabs on people

Companies fighting for market share include Gemplus, Oberthur and Axalto, all of which are French, as well as SuperCom of Israel and Infineon Technologies of Germany. The U.S. government in October chose Axalto, SuperCom and Infineon to take part in a testing phase for eventual work on its own e-passports, which it plans to begin phasing in this year with a final switchover in a decade
http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/05/22/business/wireless23.php

The System can also track those without the VeriChip, due to REAL ID.
Since the System knows that many people will not take the internal VeriChip, they now have a way of tracking and locating those people through a "smart rfid contactless chip" in a card which transmits a code, along with one's unique identifying number. 
That code opens up the mega-database.

The contactless chip in that case is external, since it will be embedded in one's National ID Card ... the REAL ID ( reformatted driver's license ). It will not be implanted in the body.
Now
* ALL *  people --
whether they have an internal contactless chip, or an external contactless chip ---
can be tracked, monitored, located and eventually controlled.


Articles pertaining to the above subject :

100 Million sensors in the wilderness
: "motes" ..."mesh networking"

Sensors Everywhere http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=57702816
http://www.smartmobs.com/archive/2005/02/03/sensors_everywh.html

Wireless Sensor Networks
http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=GACXMXIZ41H5GQSNDBGCKHSCJUMEKJVN?articleID=57702293

* * * * * * *
The news item below confirms the fact that National ID cards will be standardized with the global  ISO 14443 radio frequency which will make all National ID cards readable in any country.
ISO 14443 is a nick-name for "contactless chip".

It is imperative for the System to operate with contactless chips in order to work with the coming subdermal chip in the right hand or forehead, as foretold 2000 years ago in the Book of Revelation / Apocalypse .

GRADUALISM
As you can see, this technology is being implemented step by step, country by country, technique by technique. Then all of the sudden, it will completely enclose the whole world in a totalitarian way.

God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of a sound mind.
We have a Blessed Hope that transports us into heaven before the hour of temptation comes :
 "which is coming upon the whole world " Rev. 3:10.

We will not need an ISO 14443 contactless chip, nor will we need an iris scan or fingerprint or subdermal chip in order to enter into the heavenlies on that Day of Christ ( the Rapture).

But we will need ears to hear.


Japan's ID card : ISO rfid contactless
The license/ID cards will contain an 8KB contactless chip and antenna that comply with ISO 14443 standards. It will be interoperable with current and upcoming readers that will be released specifically for the new system.

The chip will carry users' profile information, digital photo and a digital certificate that will verify data authenticity. Police officers will be bringing around
portable readers for viewing the card data.

http://www.security.globalsources.com/GeneralManager?language=en&design=clean&action=GetArticle&article_id
=9000000062960&page=printarticle&printThis=yes

* * * * * * * * * *
Quick Credit Card Coming
Nonetheless, "we see great promise in this type of technology," said Molly Faust, a spokeswoman for American Express, which is beginning a nationwide rollout of its ExpressPay system based on chips developed by Dallas-based Texas Instruments Inc. "It's a great new payment product."
http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050515/NEWS/505150316/1006/BUSINESS
http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050515/BUSINESS/505150354/1003
_______________________

The R2R superset can receive and transmit data to and from one's
rfid chip. That being the case, it is most likely that code numbers would signify certain categories that befit the chip-carrier. These code numbers would change according to the status of the card holder.

Also personal information could be updated on the chip whenever one's address, phone,
job info, etc. changes
.............

R2R.... Reader to Reader Superset device
R2R, a superset of and an open standard alternative to the Near Field Communication
The R2R™ feature allows a device to behave both as a reader and as a card.
2 - way device
An R2R™ device can receive commands from any standard proximity contactless reader and
send back responses the same way a contactless smart card would do. Using this feature, a consumer electronic device can interact with the millions of readers already installed worldwide, to exchange data or to perform secure transactions, using different access protocols, including ISO 14443 A/B, ISO 15693, as well as FeliCa™ protocols.

R2R™ is not a new standard, but is a way to use the existing international standards
ISO/IEC 14443 (proximity) and
15693 (vicinity).

R2R™ also is compatible with the recently announced NFC (Near Field Communication) technology from Philips, with the advantage that it is compatible with the existing installed base of RFID readers.
This positions R2R as a superset and an open standard alternative to the NFC.
http://www.smartcardstrends.com/det_atc.php?idu=1624
______________________

The video below shows us that the rfid chip embedded in one's card has an access code to one's database.
This also is a "prox chip" or proximity chip ( contactless ). 

In the above article about the Japanese ID card, you will notice that it  says that these chips will be installed in cars. That means as you pass by a reader terminal into any border
( Country, State, City or Zone) your  ISO rfid will be read.

Someday it will be read as:   "Authorized"
or :  "Access Denied",
depending on political correctness


Video : Nexus
www.intermec.com/eps_files/eps_misc/Nexus_768k.wmv

____________________________________________

R2R Reader to Reader
INSIDE introduces PicoRead™, the first chip interface on the market to feature R2R™
PicoRead is INSIDE’s answer to the fast growing demand for an  RF
13.56 Mhz [ passive chip ] interface in large scale applications where power and  space for integration are limited. PicoRead was specifically designed to address the needs of OEMs [ Original Equipment Manufacturer ] in consumer electronics and equipments where large reader volumes require small, low-cost footprints. Its low power consumption, and automatic card detection feature in stand-by mode were specifically designed for its integration in battery operated electronic devices.
PicoRead™ is compliant with ISO 14443 A/B, ISO 15693 and FeliCa™, and features the new R2R technology
  Today, PicoRead™’s popularity is showing it to be the best solution on the market.

R2R™, the IN-CLUB’s technology backbone
R2R’s technology is supported by a non-profit industry association called IN-CLUB, founded to promote the adoption of
open standards based on contactless solutions in various industry sectors. The IN-CLUB enables its members to partner, explore and create a seamless contactless world to their customers. IN-CLUB’s typical member profiles include Bankers, Telecom Operators, Transit Operators, Government Agencies, PDA, PC, Handset Manufacturers, OEMs, ID and Access Control System Integrators, or Contactless Vendors.   http://www.smartcardstrends.com/det_atc.php?idu=1624

Standardization of smart card POS terminals to gain "international acceptance"
( paving the way for the 666 MOB in the right hand or forehead)
http://www.computerweekly.com/articles/article.asp?liArticleID=137621&liArticleTypeID=1&liCategoryID=2&liChannelID=182&liFlavour
ID=1&sSearch=&nPage=1

Dynagate, made by  SuperCom.... Headquartered in Israel : used by Homeland Security etc.
Can control access to facilities ; "a mobile access control terminal "
Photos included in report :

Its purpose is to regulate access by comparing a person's name against a "white list" of people allowed to enter, or a "blacklist" of those who are barred from entry. The person's information is usually contained on a contactless card. The system is also capable of handling biometrics, such as fingerprints.

While it can control a gate–it can be wired in such a way that when the card is approved, a gate opens up–its primary purpose would be to control access with or without a physical gate. 

... connected to the portable access monitoring system (within the ruggedized ‘suitcase’). Approved emergency personnel, who have been pre-registered into the system as well as those that are registered onsite, authenticate themselves to the system on entry and/or exit. This can be done using a contactless card or token, a biometric, a PIN, or some combination of these items.

"We created it to have it installed at the front gate to a school, or a stadium, or on a bus. One of the earliest commercial solutions we offered was tracking students from the time they got on the bus until they got off the bus. Called EduGate, it evolved from there because it was a versatile device and it was rugged."
http://www.cr80news.com/library/2005/04/29/innovative-portable-access-control-system-purchased-by-ohio-community-to-secure-future-disaster-sites/

e-passport readers
http://www.secureidnews.com/news/2005/04/14/acg-and-omnikey-partner-to-develop-advanced-contactless-readers-for-elec
tronic-passport-applications/

NAVY goes contactless --Aix-en-Provence
INSIDE Contactless, pioneer in Contactless technology and its market development team, today announced it has been chosen by Beacon Technologies, a leading system integrator, to supply the US Navy a select number of Contactless cards (PicoPass™ ) and readers (HandIT™ , Accesso™ ) in order to increase security while reducing manpower and providing convenience for US Navy members.
http://www.rfidnews.org/news/2003/06/23/inside-contactless-chosen-to-supply-contactless-cards-and-readers-for-the-us-navy/

 PicoRead™
http://www.insidefr.com/index_frame.php?cframe=readers&pg=2

Using RFID http://www.usingrfid.com/roundup/2004-Oct-25.asp  

IN-CLUB http://www.cardtechnology.com/cgi-bin/readstory.pl?story=20041101CTDC314.xml

RFID readers / writers
Smartphones and personal digital assistants to serve as RFID readers/writers.
 It is, the company claims, the first RFID reader/writer SD (secure digital) card in the industry
Also has contactless chip. ( for proximity payment)
The new card will also offer Near Field Communication (NFC) compatibility.
According to Wireless Dynamics' March announcement, its SDiD card will allow smartphones and PDAs to double as portable RFID terminals. The card integrates RFID functionality into the existing computing power and connectivity of PDAs and smartphones. RFID tag information can be communicated in real-time through WiFi, CDMA, GSM or Bluetooth connections.
The second market (what Mr. Tam calls the horizontal or consumer market) involves contactless payments, e-commerce, product authentication, and point of sales
In other words, the NFC-based SDiD card would allow PDA and smartphone users to access product information or entertainment content such as pictures, music and video clips by waving their mobile devices in front of a smart poster or kiosk. [ Ed. note: soon it will be a wave of the right hand ]  

Another use is that they can exchange such information with other users through NFC or mobile connection of their devices, said Mr. Tam
[ Comment from a friend : When cellphones start having RFID readers, it is a bit difficult to understand who is tracking whom.  The answer is not clear.  For example, a NFC reader could send a ID number that it reads to a central server.  If this ID were to be associated with a position, the NFC reader becomes a highly accurate location tracking device. rms ]
http://www.rfidnews.org/library/2005/04/03/rfid-in-sd-cards/

What is EMV ? ... EuroPay MasterCard -- MasterCard -- VISA
http://www.auditmypc.com/acronym/EMV.asp

EMV ... short for : "global economy" .... one world finance
"all the better to implement the 666 Mark of the Beast "

"one size fits all" protocol
VISA and Master Card agree on contactless common communication
iso / iec 14443
MasterCard International and Visa International have reached an agreement to share a
common communications protocol and associated testing requirements for radio frequency-based contactless payments at the retail point of sale.

In effect, with a common protocol in place, merchants have an assurance that a single point of sale terminal can support multiple payment brands - and less time will be needed for terminal programming and testing.
Agreeing to one common standard benefits all," said Art Kranzley, executive vice president of advanced payments solutions for MasterCard International.

Building on the work of EMV, this common protocol is a first step toward the full development of contactless payment systems," added Gaylon Howe, executive vice president of global product platforms for Visa International. "Supporting a single common protocol will accelerate migration toward electronic payments, and result in more payment choices for consumers."
"speed is essential"
http://www.usingrfid.com/news/read.asp?lc=p19255ex390zi rms

The agreement could also mean other credit card companies may join the parade
By providing a common protocol it helps to
insure that cards work consistently
globally."
The common protocol also makes it easier for issuer and acquirers/merchants to develop contactless solutions, she added.

reaching agreement on a common protocol is the first step to standardizing contactless payment," said Ms. Lathrop.
"It will also give merchants the assurance that a single point of sale terminal will support multiple payment brands and will require less time for terminal programming and testing
http://www.cr80news.com/library/2005/03/30/both-mastercard-and-visa-agree-to-use-a-common-contactless-payment-protocol-moving-standar
dization-forward/

Contactless Payments
MasterCard International's new OneSMART PayPass, an EMV-based smart card featuring the M/Chip, will enable customers in regions where EMV smart cards predominate, such as Europe, to gain more benefits from contactless payments.
The experience of using the contactless element of PayPass or OneSMART PayPass will be identical, said Ms. Rae.

"Furthermore, PayPass is designed such that all cards, fobs, etc.
regardless of type, will work in all terminals."

When a card is brought in close proximity to a PayPass-enabled reader, it uses radio frequency technology to transmit account details to the PayPass reader," said Ms. Rae. "Once payment details have been captured by the terminal, they are processed though the MasterCard acceptance network in the same way as a contact chip payment.
http://www.contactlessnews.com/library/2005/03/31/mastercards-onesmart-paypass-offering-combines-the-convenience-of-con
tactless-payments-with-the-security-of-emv/

China ID to have contactless chip
the aim of the China ID Project is to provide Smart ID cards nationwide
http://www.otiglobal.com/content.aspx?id=188 rms

Contactless chips in documents, passports
The distinction is part of an effort by the Department of Homeland Security and one of its RFID suppliers, Philips Semiconductors, to brand RFID tags in identification documents as "proximity chips,"
"contactless chips
" or "contactless integrated circuits" -- anything but "RFID."
The department is also evaluating technology pitches from several RFID tag manufacturers, including Philips, for an RFID-tagged passport containing biometric data. The government's plan will earn billions of dollars for the RFID suppliers while helping security officials track individuals more effectively by detecting their ID documents' radio signals in airport terminals, or wherever reader devices are present

And," said [ David ] Wagner, "unlike an ID with a bar code or magnetic strip, you'd never know your card has been read."
RFID manufacturers are typically making radio tags for ID documents that comply with ISO/IEC 14443, the contactless chip industry technology standard. This standard limits transmission ranges to a distance of about 4 inches.
Other RFID tags can be read at distances up to 30 feet, making them easier targets for identity thieves trying to capture their data, said Broghamer.

Broghamer would not admit to something engineers testing ISO/IEC 14443-compliant chips have demonstrated, however: that electronic eavesdroppers up to 30 feet away can capture data (including biometric records) while it is being sent by the chips to an authorized reader device
http://www.wired.com/news/privacy/0,1848,67025,00.html rms

Smart Card Invasion (
good summary )
http://www.cryingvoice.com/Endtimes/Mark8.html

Smart Card: "Common Access Card" ( CAC)

For example, a smart card equipped with a battery, data display, and keypad would enable users to view their current balance of electronic purse applications, recent credit card transaction information, or bank account balance information. These capabilities could also be utilized to enhance security with password-enabled credit card functions.

Smart cards are being utilized in great numbers for access control systems, storage of biometric data, national border control, and in many other applications. For example, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)
Common Access Card (CAC) project requires
a contactless chip to contain biometric data about a citizen including a digitized portrait and fingerprint data.
These patents position CardXX as a leader in next generation smart card manufacturing, and will enable the production of cards incorporating
batteries, data displays, keypads, chemical sensors, fingerprint sensors, and other electronic components that are generally not found in conventional smart cards. The unique capabilities of the low-temperature, low-pressure polymer injection molding technique employed by CardXX are very well suited to the manufacture of next generation smart cards, thus enabling a wide range of new smart card applications
http://home.businesswire.com/portal/site/google/index.jsp?ndmViewId=news_view&newsId=20050324005071&newsLang=en

Immigration: Biometric in International Civil Aviation Org.
The new passports, which are being introduced concurrently by the 27 nation members of the International Civil Aviation Organization (i.e. the European Union, Australia, Japan) in 2005 - 2006 will be used as part of a multination test to determine whether the systems developed by different governments are compatible with each other and can be processed effectively by border officials, ideally at all international ports of entry.
Called a biometric identifier, a chip will be embedded in the passport cover and will contain the same information that appears on the data page, including the bearer's photograph. The high-capacity, contactless chip will transmit data via low-power radio frequency (similar to that used by transponders on toll roads) rather than direct contact with a reader device.
http://www.frommers.com/tips/entry_requirements_and_customs/article.cfm?tipID=ENTRYCUSTM&articleID=2687&t=Biometrics%20
Effect%3A%20Greater%20Security%20Means%20Increases%20in%20Passport%20Fees

Biometric ePassport ( no more swiping)
The new passport will use a paper-thin contactless chip which can be read without being swiped through a reader, with enough capacity to store a facial image and at least one additional biometric
In the future :
"Trials of the Personal Identification Project (PIP), testing the use of data sharing with the private sector and other government departments to strengthen identity authentication
- Cutting fraud by creating an electronic link to birth, marriage and death records to eliminate reliance on paper documentation "

http://www.wired.com/news/privacy/0,1848,67025,00.html

UHF ( Very Long Range) chips
For normal operation the device offers Inventory, Read, Program and Erase functions. Each bit can be read individually; writing is performed by 16-bit block. In addition it provides a KILL command - often referred to as a 'Privacy' command - which can be used to permanently deactivate the device at the end of its working life, for example as a customer leaves a store
Short and Long Range 13.56MHz contactless devices.
(Administrative functions of the Auto-ID Center have now been subsumed into EPCglobal, a not-for-profit organisation charged with the promotion of the Electronic Product Code as a global standard).
http://www.st.com/stonline/press/news/year2004/p1462m.htm

Vivotech
www.vivotech.com

STM Contactless Chips
http://www.st.com/stonline/products/families/memories/contless/
PDF
http://www.st.com/stonline/products/promlit/pdf/flmemsol-0303.pdf


Salvation hopetotheend.com/sal.html

Bible
www.blueletterbible.org